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  • Influence
The evolution of self-control
Significance Although scientists have identified surprising cognitive flexibility in animals and potentially unique features of human psychology, we know less about the selective forces that favorExpand
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Imitation: definitions, evidence, and mechanisms
  • T. Zentall
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Animal Cognition
  • 26 September 2006
Imitation can be defined as the copying of behavior. To a biologist, interest in imitation is focused on its adaptive value for the survival of the organism, but to a psychologist, the mechanismsExpand
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CHAPTER 11 – An Analysis of Imitative Learning in Animals
The term imitation is used to identify phenomenon ranging from morphological similarity which appears to be under total control of natural selection, to complex symbolic modeling, requiring intentionExpand
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Optimal stimulation: a model of disordered activity and performance in normal and deviant children.
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“work ethic” in pigeons: Reward value is directly related to the effort or time required to obtain the reward
Stimuli associated with less effort or with shorter delays to reinforcement are generally preferred over those associated with greater effort or longer delays to reinforcement. However, the oppositeExpand
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  • T. Zentall
  • Psychology, Computer Science
  • Cybern. Syst.
  • 1 January 2001
The terms sociallearning and social influence have been used descriptively and theoretically to characterize a broad range of animal behavior from physical antipredatory adaptations such as eye spots, which are totally under genetic control, to the human capacity for the exaggeration of individual characteristics, known as caricature, which is largely under cognitive control. Expand
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The Alex Studies
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Comparative cognition : experimental explorations of animal intelligence
1. Perception and Illusion 2. Attention and Search 3. Memory Processes 4. Spatial Cognition 5. Timing and Counting 6. Conceptualization and Categorization 7. Pattern Learning 8. Tool Fabrication andExpand
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Episodic-like memory in pigeons
It has been proposed that memory for personal experiences (episodic memory, rather than semantic memory) relies on the conscious review of past experience and thus is unique to humans. In an attemptExpand
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True Imitative Learning in Pigeons
Providing evidence for imitative learning in animals has been made difficult by the need to control for a number of possible nonimitation accounts (e.g., mere presence of another animal, attentionExpand
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