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Telling more than we can know: Verbal reports on mental processes.
Evidence is reviewed which suggests that there may be little or no direct introspective access to higher order cognitive processes. Subjects are sometimes (a) unaware of the existence of a stimulusExpand
A model of dual attitudes.
When an attitude changes from A1 to A2, what happens to A1? Most theories assume, at least implicitly, that the new attitude replaces the former one. The authors argue that a new attitude canExpand
Immune neglect: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.
People are generally unaware of the operation of the system of cognitive mechanisms that ameliorate their experience of negative affect (the psychological immune system), and thus they tend toExpand
Affective Forecasting
People base many decisions on affective forecasts, predictions about their emotional reactions to future events. They often display an impact bias, overestimating the intensity and duration of theirExpand
Strangers to Ourselves: Discovering the Adaptive Unconscious
Preface 1. Freud's Genius, Freud's Myopia 2. The Adaptive Unconscious 3. Who's in Charge? 4. Knowing Who We Are 5. Knowing Why 6. Knowing How We Feel 7. Knowing How We Will Feel 8. Introspection andExpand
Mental contamination and mental correction: unwanted influences on judgments and evaluations.
We define mental contamination as the process whereby a person has an unwanted response because of mental processing that is unconscious or uncontrollable. This type of bias is distinguishable fromExpand
A new look at anchoring effects: basic anchoring and its antecedents.
In previous anchoring studies people were asked to consider an anchor as a possible answer to the target question or were given informative anchors. The authors predicted that basic anchoring effectsExpand
Focalism: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.
The durability bias, the tendency to overpredict the duration of affective reactions to future events, may be due in part to focalism, whereby people focus too much on the event in question and notExpand
Prospection: Experiencing the Future
All animals can predict the hedonic consequences of events they've experienced before. But humans can predict the hedonic consequences of events they've never experienced by simulating those eventsExpand
Thinking too much: introspection can reduce the quality of preferences and decisions.
  • T. Wilson, J. Schooler
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1 February 1991
In Study 1, college students' preferences for different brands of strawberry jams were compared with experts' ratings of the jams. Students who analyzed why they felt the way they did agreed lessExpand