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  • Influence
Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis.
There is evidence consistent with both main effect and main effect models for social support, but each represents a different process through which social support may affect well-being. Expand
Downward Comparison Principles in Social Psychology
The literature of social psychology contains a number of phenomena that appear to be paradoxical. For example, persons who face a threatening experience prefer to affiliate with threatened othersExpand
Theory and Research Concerning Social Comparisons of Personal Attributes
Social comparison theory has evolved considerably since Festinger (1954) originally proposed it. This article integrates these changes with insights offered by recent social comparison studies and byExpand
Stress and coping in early adolescence: relationships to substance use in urban school samples.
  • T. Wills
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Health psychology : official journal of the…
  • 1986
Measures of stress and coping were obtained from two cohorts of urban adolescents during the seventh- to eighth-grade period and were related to indices of cigarette smoking and alcohol use, indicating that stress was positively related to substance use, and four coping mechanisms were inversely related to Substance use. Expand
Perceived discrimination and substance use in African American parents and their children: a panel study.
The relation between perceived racial discrimination and substance use was examined in a panel of 684 African American families, using the prototype-willingness model of adolescent health risk and effective parenting was associated with less willingness and intention to use. Expand
Association Between Initial Use of e-Cigarettes and Subsequent Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Importance The public health implications of e-cigarettes depend, in part, on whether e-cigarette use affects the risk of cigarette smoking. Objective To perform a systematic review and meta-analysisExpand
Risk Factors for Exclusive E-Cigarette Use and Dual E-Cigarette Use and Tobacco Use in Adolescents
A US adolescent sample with one of the largest prevalence rates of e-cigarette only use and dual use in the existing literature raises the possibility that e-cigarettes are recruiting medium-risk adolescents, who otherwise would be less susceptible to tobacco product use. Expand
Temperament Related to Early-Onset Substance Use: Test of a Developmental Model
A theoretical model of early-onset substance (tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana) use and academic competence and life events had indirect effects to adolescent substance use, through peer affiliations. Expand