• Publications
  • Influence
The functions of self-injurious behavior: an experimental-epidemiological analysis.
Data are summarized from 152 single-subject analyses of the reinforcing functions of self-injurious behavior (SIB). Individuals with developmental disabilities referred for assessment and/orExpand
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Effects of treatment integrity failures during differential reinforcement of alternative behavior: a translational model.
Differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA) is used frequently as a treatment for problem behavior. Previous studies on treatment integrity failures during DRA suggest that theExpand
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Evaluation of a brief stimulus preference assessment.
We evaluated the utility of a brief (5-min) stimulus preference assessment for individuals with developmental disabilities. Participants had noncontingent (free) access to an array of stimuli andExpand
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The role of attention in the treatment of attention-maintained self-injurious behavior: noncontingent reinforcement and differential reinforcement of other behavior.
Because there are potentially serious limitations to differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) (which is probably the most widely used treatment procedure for behavior problems), we examinedExpand
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The concept of automatic reinforcement: implications for behavioral research in developmental disabilities.
  • T. Vollmer
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Research in developmental disabilities
  • 1 May 1994
Automatic reinforcement refers to situations in which behavior is maintained by operant mechanisms independent of the social environment. A number of difficulties exist in conducting an adequateExpand
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Combining noncontingent reinforcement and differential reinforcement schedules as treatment for aberrant behavior.
Research has shown that noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) can be an effective behavior-reduction procedure when based on a functional analysis. The effects of NCR may be a result of elimination ofExpand
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Competition between positive and negative reinforcement in the treatment of escape behavior.
We compared the effects of reinforcing compliance with either positive reinforcement (edible items) or negative reinforcement (a break) on 5 participants' escape-maintained problem behavior. BothExpand
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Establishing operations and reinforcement effects.
Positive reinforcement procedures have had a major impact on educational programs for the developmentally disabled; nevertheless, variation in reinforcer effectiveness both within and acrossExpand
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A comparison of reinforcer assessment methods: the utility of verbal and pictorial choice procedures.
We compared three methods of stimulus preference assessment for verbal children and specifically evaluated the utility of a verbal choice procedure for assessing relative reinforcer value. Using aExpand
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Stereotypy I: a review of behavioral assessment and treatment.
  • J. Rapp, T. Vollmer
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Research in developmental disabilities
  • 1 November 2005
In this paper, we review definitional issues related to stereotypy, behavioral interpretations of stereotypy, procedures for determining operant function(s) of stereotypy, and behavioralExpand
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