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Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops
It is found that fruit, vegetable or seed production from 87 of the leading global food crops is dependent upon animal pollination, while 28 crops do not rely upon animalPollination, however, global production volumes give a contrasting perspective. Expand
Landscape perspectives on agricultural intensification and biodiversity – ecosystem service management
Understanding the negative and positive effects of agricultural land use for the conservation of biodiversity, and its relation to ecosystem services, needs a landscape perspective. Agriculture canExpand
Sustainable pest regulation in agricultural landscapes: a review on landscape composition, biodiversity and natural pest control
It is concluded that diversified landscapes hold most potential for the conservation of biodiversity and sustaining the pest control function and similar contributions of these landscape factors suggest that all are equally important in enhancing natural enemy populations. Expand
Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification
Abstract Under the current scenario of rapid human population increase, achieving efficient and productive agricultural land use while conserving biodiversity is a global challenge. There is anExpand
Landscape moderation of biodiversity patterns and processes ‐ eight hypotheses
This review uses knowledge gained from human‐modified landscapes to suggest eight hypotheses, which it hopes will encourage more systematic research on the role of landscape composition and configuration in determining the structure of ecological communities, ecosystem functioning and services. Expand
It is concluded that local landscape destruction affects solitary wild bees more than social bees, possibly changing mutualistic plant-pollinator and competitive wild bees- honey bees interactions and that only analyses of multiple spatial scales may detect the importance of the landscape context for local pollinator communities. Expand
Foraging ranges of solitary bees
These experiments showed that solitary bees have a rather small foraging range so local habitat structure appears to be of more importance than large-scale landscape structure, and all requirements for sustaining viable populations must be within this range. Expand
Multifunctional shade‐tree management in tropical agroforestry landscapes – a review
The short-term and long-term ecological benefits of Shade trees in coffee Coffea arabica, C. canephora and cacao Theobroma cacao agroforestry are reviewed and the poorly understood, multifunctional role of shade trees for farmers and conservation alike is emphasized. Expand
Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host–parasitoid food webs
Altered interaction structure represents an insidious and functionally important hidden effect of habitat modification by humans, indicating that perturbation of the structure and function of ecological communities might be overlooked in studies that do not document and quantify species interactions. Expand
Fruit set of highland coffee increases with the diversity of pollinating bees
It is shown that fruit set of the self–fertilizing highland coffee (Coffea arabica) is highly variable and related to bee pollination, and empirical evidence for a positive relationship between ecosystem functions such as pollination and biodiversity is given. Expand