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Paleobotany: The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants
This book provides up-to-date coverage of fossil plants from Precambrian life to flowering plants, including fungi and algae, and major groups of land plants both living and extinct. Expand
A phylum-level phylogenetic classification of zygomycete fungi based on genome-scale data
It is demonstrated that zygomycetes comprise two major clades that form a paraphyletic grade, and the phyla Mucoromycota and ZoopagomyCota are circumscribed. Expand
The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants
The structure and organization of vascular plants early land plants with conducting tissue lycopods sphenophytes ferns progymnosperms origin and evolution of the seed habit, and plant/animal interactions. Expand
Four hundred-million-year-old vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae.
The discovery of arbuscules in Aglaophyton major, an Early Devonian land plant, provides unequivocal evidence that mycorrhizae were established >400 million years ago and indicates that nutrient transfer mutualism may have been in existence when plants invaded the land. Expand
Fossil arbuscular mycorrhizae from the Early Devonian
AbstractThe 400 million-year-old Rhynie chert has provided a wealth of information not only of early land plants, but also of the fungi that inhabited this paleoecosystem. In this paper we report t...
Fungal endophytes in a 400-million-yr-old land plant: infection pathways, spatial distribution, and host responses.
The host responses indicate that some of the mechanisms causing host responses in extant plants were in place 400 million yr ago, and Anatomical and life history features of N. aphylla suggest that this plant may have been particularly susceptible to colonization by fungi. Expand
New perspectives on the Mesozoic seed fern order Corystospermales based on attached organs from the Triassic of Antarctica.
Phylogenetic analysis suggests that the corystosperm cupule is an unlikely homologue for the angiosperm carpel or outer integument, and studies that treat Dicroidium leaf morphospecies as proxies for biological species of entire plants should be reconsidered. Expand
The oldest fossil ascomycetes
The oldest ascomycetous fungi with flask-shaped ascocarps in thin-section preparations of the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert of Aberdeenshire, Scotland are found, underscoring the diversity of fungal-plant interactions early in the colonization of the land. Expand
The ichnologic record of the continental invertebrate invasion; evolutionary trends in environmental expansion, ecospace utilization, and behavioral complexity
The combined study of continental trace fossils and associated sedimentary facies provides valuable evidence of colonization trends and events throughout the Phanerozoic. Colonization of continentalExpand