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A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
The discovery of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume equal to the smallest-known australopithecines is reported, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, and shows that the genus Homo is morphologically more varied and flexible in its adaptive responses than previously thought.
Archaeology and age of a new hominin from Flores in eastern Indonesia
Dating by radiocarbon, luminescence, uranium-series and electron spin resonance methods indicates that H. floresiensis existed from before 38,000 years ago (kyr) until at least 18 kyr, and originated from an early dispersal of Homo erectus that reached Flores and then survived on this island refuge until relatively recently.
Pleistocene cave art from Sulawesi, Indonesia
It can now be demonstrated that humans were producing rock art by ∼40 kyr ago at opposite ends of the Pleistocene Eurasian world.
Further evidence for small-bodied hominins from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
Additional H. floresiensis remains excavated from the cave in 2004 are described, demonstrating that LB1 is not just an aberrant or pathological individual, but is representative of a long-term population that was present during the interval 95–74 to 12 thousand years ago.
The Brain of LB1, Homo floresiensis
Morphometric, allometric, and shape data indicate that LB1 is not a microcephalic or pygmy and has derived frontal and temporal lobes and a lunate sulcus in a derived position which are consistent with capabilities for higher cognitive processing.
The Primitive Wrist of Homo floresiensis and Its Implications for Hominin Evolution
Analysis of wrist bones from the holotype specimen (LB1) shows that it retains wrist morphology that is primitive for the African ape-human clade, indicating that LB1 is not a modern human with an undiagnosed pathology or growth defect; rather, it represents a species descended from a hominin ancestor that branched off before the origin of the clade that includes modern humans, Neandertals, and their last common ancestor.
The Liang Bua faunal remains: a 95k.yr. sequence from Flores, East Indonesia.
The foot of Homo floresiensis
It is shown that LB1’s foot is exceptionally long relative to the femur and tibia, proportions never before documented in hominins but seen in some African apes, raising the possibility that the ancestor of H. floresiensis was not Homo erectus but instead some other, more primitive, hominin whose dispersal into southeast Asia is still undocumented.
Revised stratigraphy and chronology for Homo floresiensis at Liang Bua in Indonesia
New stratigraphic and chronological evidence from Liang Bua is reported that does not support the ages inferred previously for the H. floresiensis holotype, or the time of last appearance of this species.