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An infectious DNA clone of HIV type 1 subtype C.
Among the 10 subtypes of the M group of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, subtype C is the most prevalent in India and may dominate worldwide in the near future; however, there has been no reportExpand
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In vivo sequence variability of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope gp120: association of V2 extension with slow disease progression.
According to the rate of depletion of CD4 cell counts, we grouped 12 cases of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection as 6 rapid (21.0 to 33.8 cells per microl per month) and 6 slowExpand
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Molecular Evolutionary Analysis of the Influenza A(H1N1)pdm, May–September, 2009: Temporal and Spatial Spreading Profile of the Viruses in Japan
Background In March 2009, pandemic influenza A(H1N1) (A(H1N1)pdm) emerged in Mexico and the United States. In Japan, since the first outbreak of A(H1N1)pdm in Osaka and Hyogo Prefectures occurred inExpand
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Closely related HIV-1 CRF01_AE variant among injecting drug users in northern Vietnam: evidence of HIV spread across the Vietnam-China border.
To investigate the nature of recent HIV outbreaks among injecting drug users (IDUs) near the Vietnam-China border, we genetically analyzed 24 HIV-positive blood specimens from 2 northern provinces ofExpand
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Characterization of Sri Lanka rabies virus isolates using nucleotide sequence analysis of nucleoprotein gene.
Thirty-four suspected rabid brain samples from 2 humans, 24 dogs, 4 cats, 2 mongooses, I jackal and I water buffalo were collected in 1995-1996 in Sri Lanka. Total RNA was extracted directly fromExpand
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Genetic similarity of HIV type 1 subtype E in a recent outbreak among injecting drug users in northern Vietnam to strains in Guangxi Province of southern China.
To investigate the molecular epidemiology of a recent HIV-1 outbreak in northern Vietnam and its relation to the epidemic in surrounding areas, we analyzed 17 HIV-positive blood specimens from 3Expand
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Isolation and characterization of a novel Borrelia group of tick-borne borreliae from imported reptiles and their associated ticks.
The members of the genus Borrelia are transmitted by arthropods and known to be infectious to vertebrates. Here we found isolates and DNAs belonging to the Borrelia turcica and unknown BorreliaExpand
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Augmentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Subtype E (CRF01_AE) Multiple-Drug Resistance by Insertion of a Foreign 11-Amino-Acid Fragment into the Reverse Transcriptase
ABSTRACT A human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype E (CRF01_AE) variant (99JP-NH3-II) possessing an in-frame 33-nucleotide insertion mutation in the β3-β4 loop coding region of theExpand
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HIV-2 CRF01_AB: First Circulating Recombinant Form of HIV-2
Background:Five HIV-2-seropositive cases were recently identified in Japan, outside the HIV-2 endemic area of West Africa. To clarify the molecular epidemiology of HIV-2 in Japan, we analyzedExpand
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Evolution and Biological Characterization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Subtype E gp120 V3 Sequences following Horizontal and Vertical Virus Transmission in a Single Family
ABSTRACT It has been suggested that immune-pressure-mediated positive selection operates to maintain the antigenic polymorphism on the third variable (V3) loop of the gp120 of human immunodeficiencyExpand
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