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The Meaning Maintenance Model: On the Coherence of Social Motivations
The meaning maintenance model (MMM) proposes that people have a needfor meaning; that is, a need to perceive events through a prism of mental representations of expected relations that organizesExpand
Threat and defense: From anxiety to approach
Abstract The social psychological literature on threat and defense is fragmented. Groups of researchers have focused on distinct threats, such as mortality, uncertainty, uncontrollability, orExpand
Understanding all inconsistency compensation as a palliative response to violated expectations
This work has shown that, when people have experiences that are inconsistent with their expectations, they engage in a variety of compensatory efforts, which manifest as the analogous compensation behaviors reported within different psychological literatures. Expand
The Five “A”s of Meaning Maintenance: Finding Meaning in the Theories of Sense-Making
Across eras and literatures, multiple theories have converged on a broad psychological phenomenon: the common compensation behaviors that follow from violations of our committed understandings. TheExpand
Changing Selves in Changing Worlds: Youth Suicide on the Fault-Lines of Colliding Cultures
The program of research outlined here—work that explores the relation between markers of self- and cultural continuity, and suicidal behaviors in both culturally mainstream and Canadian Aboriginal youth—provides evidence that personal persistence and persistent peoples have low or absent rates of youth suicide, while individuals and communities lacking a requisite sense of continuity regularly suffer suicides in epidemic numbers. Expand
Death and Black Diamonds: Meaning, Mortality, and the Meaning Maintenance Model
The Meaning Maintenance Model (MMM; Heine, Proulx, & Vohs, 2006) proposes that human beings innately and automatically assemble mental representations of expected relations. The sense of globalExpand
When Is the Unfamiliar the Uncanny? Meaning Affirmation After Exposure to Absurdist Literature, Humor, and Art
Participants who were exposed to absurdist art or reminders of their mortality, compared to participants exposed to representational or abstract art, reported higher scores on the Personal Need for Structure scale, suggesting that they experienced a heightened need for meaning. Expand
The Case of the Transmogrifying Experimenter
The results demonstrate the functional interchangeability of different meaning frameworks, and highlight the role of unconscious arousal in prompting people to seek alternative schemas in the face of a meaning threat. Expand
Connections From Kafka
Results suggest that the cognitive mechanisms responsible for implicitly learning patterns are enhanced by the presence of a meaning threat, and this prediction derives from the meaning-maintenance model. Expand
Mortality salience and religion: divergent effects on the defense of cultural worldviews for the religious and the non-religious
Religious and non-religious individuals differ in their core beliefs. The religious endorse a supernatural, divinely inspired view of the world, while the non-religious hold largely secularExpand