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Identification and characterization of the high-affinity choline transporter
TLDR
The characteristics of CHT1-mediated choline uptake essentially match those of high-affinityCholine uptake in rat brain synaptosomes.
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of the Human High Affinity Choline Transporter Alters Transport Rate*
TLDR
The presence of functionally relevant, nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphism in the human CHT1 gene is demonstrated by comprehensive sequence analysis of the exons and the intron/exon boundaries including the transcription start site.
Occurrence and elimination of antibiotics at four sewage treatment plants in Japan and their effects on bacterial ammonia oxidation.
TLDR
For most of the antibiotics removal efficiency was higher in A2O and AO based secondary treatment process than CAS process and even at the same concentration, antibiotics in mixed condition had higher inhibition effects than individuals.
Radiation tolerance in the tardigrade Milnesium tardigradum
TLDR
Gamma-irradiation shortened average life span in a dose-dependent manner both in hydrated and anhydrobiotic groups and made tardigradum sterile.
β-Catenin regulates excitatory postsynaptic strength at hippocampal synapses
TLDR
It is suggested that the cadherin–β-catenin complex is an integral component of synaptic strength regulation and plays a basic role in coupling synapse function and spine morphology.
Functional characterization of the human high-affinity choline transporter.
TLDR
The molecular cloning and functional characterization of the human high-affinity choline transporter (hCHT1) is reported, which exhibits significant homology with known members of the Na(+)-dependent glucose transporter family, but not withMembers of the neurotransmitter transporter family.
Vitrification is essential for anhydrobiosis in an African chironomid, Polypedilum vanderplanki
Anhydrobiosis is an extremely dehydrated state in which organisms show no detectable metabolism but retain the ability to revive after rehydration. Thus far, two hypotheses have been proposed to
Establishment of a rearing system of the extremotolerant tardigrade Ramazzottius varieornatus: a new model animal for astrobiology.
TLDR
The successful rearing of the herbivorous tardigrade, Ramazzottius varieornatus, by supplying the green alga Chlorella vulgaris as food is reported, and it is reported that the reared individuals of this species had an anhydrobiotic capacity throughout their life cycle in egg, juvenile, and adult stages.
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