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Risk assessment of pesticide exposure on health of Pakistani tobacco farmers
TLDR
Most tobacco farmers had mild to moderate pesticide poisoning, which was correlated with depression in PChE levels, and most farmers had little knowledge about the safety measures, casual attitude and unsatisfactory safety practices with regard to the use of basic protective equipments during pesticide applications on the tobacco crop.
A 5000-Fold Increase in the Specificity of a Bacterial Phosphotriesterase for Malathion through Combinatorial Active Site Mutagenesis
TLDR
X-ray crystal structures for the PTEAr Ser308Leu\Tyr309Ala variant demonstrate that the access to the binding pocket was enhanced by the replacement of the bulky Tyr309 residue with the smaller alanine residue, suggesting that malathion is too large for the FISH binding pocket.
Detection of the organophosphate degrading gene opdA in the newly isolated bacterial strain Bacillus pumilus W1
TLDR
This is the first report of an opdA gene in this specific B. pumilus strain and it was found to be 0.34 ± 0.14 IU mg-1 protein.
Biodegradation of malathion by Bacillus licheniformis strain ML-1
Malathion, a well-known organophosphate pesticide, has been used in agriculture over the last two decades for controlling pests of economically important crops. In the present study, a single
Monitoring health implications of pesticide exposure in factory workers in Pakistan
TLDR
The study demonstrated that unsafe practices among small- and medium-sized pesticides industrial workers cause significant increase in pesticide exposure, oxidative stress, and derangement of hepatic and renal function.
A newly isolated Pseudomonas sp. can degrade endosulfan via hydrolytic pathway.
TLDR
A bacterial strain capable to utilize endosulfan as a sole source of sulfur was isolated from pesticide contaminated soil and identified as Pseudomonas sp.
Biodegradation of N-methylated carbamates by free and immobilized cells of newly isolated strain Enterobacter cloacae strain TA7
ABSTRACT A bacterial strain (TA7) capable of consuming three N-methylated carbamates as sole nitrogen and carbon source was isolated and identified as “Enterobacter cloacae” on the basis of 16S rRNA,
Anti-biofilm activity of plant derived extracts against infectious pathogen-Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1.
TLDR
This study revealed that plants under investigation more specifically B. ciliata could be a potential candidate for drug discovery to treat P. aeruginosa PAO1, induced infectious diseases especially for its biofilm treatment.
Kinetics of Endosulfan Biodegradation by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia EN-1 Isolated From Pesticide-Contaminated Soil
ABSTRACT Endosulfan is one of the persistent organochlorinated pesticides used extensively throughout the world, particularly in the developing countries. Its microbial metabolic transformation
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