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A conserved neutralizing epitope on gp41 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
Vaccination against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) requires an immunogen which will elicit a protective immunity against viruses that show a high degree of genetic polymorphism.Expand
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Influenza A virus lacking the NS1 gene replicates in interferon-deficient systems.
The NS1 protein is the only nonstructural protein encoded by influenza A virus. It has been proposed that the NS1 performs several regulatory functions during the viral replication cycle, includingExpand
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Activation of Interferon Regulatory Factor 3 Is Inhibited by the Influenza A Virus NS1 Protein
ABSTRACT We present a novel mechanism by which viruses may inhibit the alpha/beta interferon (IFN-α/β) cascade. The double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) binding protein NS1 of influenza virus is shown toExpand
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Influenza A Virus NS1 Protein Prevents Activation of NF-κB and Induction of Alpha/Beta Interferon
ABSTRACT The alpha/beta interferon (IFN-α/β) system represents one of the first lines of defense against virus infections. As a result, most viruses encode IFN antagonistic factors which enhanceExpand
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Human monoclonal antibody 2G12 defines a distinctive neutralization epitope on the gp120 glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
We have isolated and characterized human monoclonal antibody 2G12 to the gp120 surface glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). This antibody potently and broadly neutralizesExpand
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Influenza Virus NS1 Protein Counteracts PKR-Mediated Inhibition of Replication
ABSTRACT The availability of an influenza virus NS1 gene knockout virus (delNS1 virus) allowed us to establish the significance of the biological relationship between the influenza virus NS1 proteinExpand
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Transfectant Influenza A Viruses with Long Deletions in the NS1 Protein Grow Efficiently in Vero Cells
ABSTRACT We established a reverse genetics system for the nonstructural (NS) gene segment of influenza A virus. This system is based on the use of the temperature-sensitive (ts) reassortant virusExpand
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Influenza A and B viruses expressing altered NS1 proteins: A vaccine approach.
We propose a rational approach to the generation of live viral vaccines: alteration of virally encoded type I IFN antagonists to attenuate virulence while retaining immunogenicity. We have exploredExpand
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An endogenous retrovirus derived from human melanoma cells.
We show that human melanoma cells produce retrovirus-like particles that exhibit reverse transcriptase activity, package sequences homologous to human endogenous retrovirus K (HERV-K), and containExpand
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Cross-neutralizing activity against divergent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates induced by the gp41 sequence ELDKWAS.
Previously we identified the highly conserved amino acids Glu-Leu-Asp-Lys-Trp-Ala (ELDKWA) on the ecto-domain of gp41 as the epitope of a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (2F5) directed against humanExpand
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