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The epidemiology of contact allergy in the general population – prevalence and main findings
A median prevalence of nickel allergy was determined and demonstrates that nickel was an important cause of contact allergy in the general population and that it was widespread in both men and women.
The epidemiology of hand eczema in the general population – prevalence and main findings *
- J. Thyssen, J. Johansen, A. Linneberg, T. Menné
- Medicine, PsychologyContact dermatitis
- 1 February 2010
The epidemiology of hand eczema in the general population is reviewed for the first time to help healthcare decision makers when they allocate resources.
Allergic contact sensitization in an unselected Danish population. The Glostrup Allergy Study, Denmark.
The distribution of allergic contact sensitization was assessed in an unselected population, living in western Copenhagen, Denmark, and positive reactions to nickel and thiomersal were found most frequently.
Allergic contact sensitization in an adult Danish population: two cross-sectional surveys eight years apart (the Copenhagen Allergy Study).
In 1990 and 1998 15-41-year-old people were patch-tested in 2 cross-sectional studies of random samples of the population in the western part of Copenhagen County, Denmark, and Nickel sensitivity is still the most common contact sensitivity.
Monitoring levels of preservative sensitivity in Europe
The current high level of sensitivity to MDBGN requires an urgent safety re‐evaluation and risk assessment update along with consideration of immediate lowering of use concentrations, especially in leave‐on products.
The European standard series in 9 European countries, 2002/2003 – First results of the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies
Since January 2001, the European Surveillance System on Contact Allergies (ESSCA), supported by European Union funding (contract QLK4‐CT‐2001‐00343), has started to collect patch‐test data. This…
Experimental systemic contact dermatitis from nickel: a dose–response study
- C. S. Jensen, T. Menné, S. Lisby, J. Kristiansen, N. Veien
- MedicineContact dermatitis
- 1 September 2003
Among nickel‐sensitive individuals, a definite dose–response dependency was seen, following oral exposure to nickel, and the nickel content in the urine and serum of both nickel‐ sensitive and healthy control individuals was directly related to the dose of nickel ingested.
Changes in the pattern of sensitization to common contact allergens in Denmark between 1985–86 and 1997–98, with a special view to the effect of preventive strategies
- J. Johansen, T. Menné, J. Christophersen, K. Kaaber, N. Veien
- MedicineThe British journal of dermatology
- 1 March 2000
Nickel was the most common contact allergen in both study periods, followed by the fragrance mix, and contact allergy to potassium dichromate decreased significantly, seen in both sexes and was most pronounced among those of working age.
Hypersensitivity reactions to metallic implants – diagnostic algorithm and suggested patch test series for clinical use
This review summarizes the evidence regarding evaluation tools, especially patch and lymphocyte transformation tests, for hypersensitivity reactions to implanted metal devices to provide a comprehensive reference for use by those evaluating suspected cutaneous and systemic metal hypers sensitivity reactions.
Decrease in nickel sensitization in a Danish schoolgirl population with ears pierced after implementation of a nickel‐exposure regulation
- C. S. Jensen, S. Lisby, O. Baadsgaard, A. Vølund, T. Menné
- BusinessThe British journal of dermatology
- 1 April 2002
The Danish Ministry of Environment issued a regulation in 1992 to reduce the skin nickel exposure of the population and the European Union countries have recently adopted an expanded regulation.