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SPECIFICATION PROBLEMS, POLICE LEVELS, AND CRIME RATES*
Research on the relationship between police and crime, like many criminological topics, is subject to uncertain causal direction and omitted controls. We recommend procedures that mitigate theseExpand
Prison population growth and crime reduction
The impact of state prison populations on crime is typically estimated by applying the lambda, the individual crime rate, of prisoners or arrestees. We outline the problems with this approach,Expand
Sentencing Guidelines and Prison Population Grouth
This paper explores the relationship between sentencing guidelines and prison populations in nine states. The guidelines are associated with declines in prison population growth in the six statesExpand
DETERMINATE SENTENCING AND ABOLISHING PAROLE: THE LONG‐TERM IMPACTS ON PRISONS AND CRIME*
We estimate the impact of determinate sentencing laws (DSLs) on prison commitments, prison populations, and Uniform Crime Report crime rates. Ten states enacted these laws between 1976 and 1984; allExpand
The Lethal Effects of Three‐Strikes Laws
Three‐strikes laws provide very long prison terms for certain criminals with prior convictions of serious violent crimes. It is likely that the laws increase homicides because a few criminals,Expand
THE CRIMINOGENIC EFFECTS OF IMPRISONMENT: EVIDENCE FROM STATE PANEL DATA, 1974–2002
Research Summary: The heavy reliance on the use of incarceration in an attempt to address the crime problem has resulted in a dramatic growth in the number of state prisoners over the past 30 years.Expand
Age structure and crime rates: The conflicting evidence
Because arrest rates are especially high for teenagers and young adults, criminologists have long contended that age structure changes affect crime trends. In recent years, however, this belief hasExpand
On the Choice of Control Variables in the Crime Equation
Although control variables are the reason for multiple regression, surprising little attention is given to the process of locating and selecting the controls. If important controls are omitted,Expand
Right-to-Carry Concealed Handguns and Violent Crime: Crime Control Through Gun Decontrol?
"Right-to-Carry" (RTC) concealed-handgun laws mandate that authorities issue concealed handgun permits to qualified applicants. A driving force behind these laws is that allowing more citizens toExpand
Guns and Crime
We estimate several models of handguns and crime based on state-level panel data for 1977–1998 using both General Social Survey data on gun availability and a new measure of handgun prevalence. WeExpand
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