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Ecosystem Decay of Amazonian Forest Fragments: a 22-Year Investigation
We synthesized key findings from the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project, the world's largest and longest-running experimental study of habitat fragmentation. Although initially designedExpand
Habitat fragmentation and its lasting impact on Earth’s ecosystems
TLDR
An analysis of global forest cover is conducted to reveal that 70% of remaining forest is within 1 km of the forest’s edge, subject to the degrading effects of fragmentation, indicating an urgent need for conservation and restoration measures to improve landscape connectivity. Expand
Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity
TLDR
It is found that biodiversity values were substantially lower in degraded forests, but that this varied considerably by geographic region, taxonomic group, ecological metric and disturbance type. Expand
The fate of Amazonian forest fragments: A 32-year investigation
Abstract We synthesize findings to date from the world’s largest and longest-running experimental study of habitat fragmentation, located in central Amazonia. Over the past 32 years, Amazonian forestExpand
Conservation of Biodiversity in a Changing Climate
*Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, Washington, D.C, 20037, U.S.A.†Climate Change Research Group, Ecology and Conservation, National Botanical Institute, Cape Town,Expand
Rapid decay of tree-community composition in Amazonian forest fragments
TLDR
It is shown that forest fragmentation provokes surprisingly rapid and profound alterations in Amazonian tree-community composition, likely to have wide-ranging impacts on forest architecture, canopy-gap dynamics, plant–animal interactions, and forest carbon storage. Expand
RAIN FOREST FRAGMENTATION AND THE STRUCTURE OF AMAZONIAN LIANA COMMUNITIES
In tropical forests, lianas (woody vines) are important structural parasites of trees. We assessed the effects of forest fragmentation, treefall disturbance, soils, and stand attributes on lianaExpand
Biomass Collapse in Amazonian Forest Fragments
Rain forest fragments in central Amazonia were found to experience a dramatic loss of above-ground tree biomass that is not offset by recruitment of new trees. These losses were largest within 100Expand
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