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Psychosocial work stressors as antecedents of musculoskeletal problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis of stability-adjusted longitudinal studies.
TLDR
Most psychosocial stressors had small but significant lagged effects on the development of musculoskeletal problems, and organizational interventions to minimize these stressors may be promising in reducing one risk factor for the development.
Exposure assessment in the hard metal manufacturing industry with special regard to tungsten and its compounds
TLDR
Despite its low solubility, tungsten carbide is bioavailable and has to be considered in the interpretation of ambient and biological monitoring data in the hard metal producing industry.
Longitudinal evidence for the association between work-related physical exposures and neck and/or shoulder complaints: a systematic review
TLDR
This analysis of longitudinal studies allowed for new evidence with regard to four cause-effect chains between physical exposures at work and the development of shoulder, neck and neck/shoulder complaints.
A method for the quantification of biomarkers of exposure to acrylonitrile and 1,3-butadiene in human urine by column-switching liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry
TLDR
Boxplots of the results from LC/ESI-MS/MS analysis of urinary excretion of CEMA reveal a strong correlation with nicotine metabolite cotinine, indicating that exposure to passive smoke as well as active smoking is the main source of exposure to acrylonitrile in the general population.
Analysing the causes of chronic cough: relation to diesel exhaust, ozone, nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides and other environmental factors
TLDR
A number of other indoor and outdoor pollutants have been demonstrated to cause chronic cough and therefore, environmental factors have to be taken into account as potential initiators of both adult and pediatric chronic cough.
The incremental effect of psychosocial workplace factors on the development of neck and shoulder disorders: a systematic review of longitudinal studies
TLDR
Evidence is found for an incremental effect of different psychosocial work factors (in addition to the effect of physical job factors) on the development of neck and shoulder disorders, but these results have to be interpreted carefully in order to support the notion that psychological factors can have an independent causal influence on theDevelopment of musculoskeletal disorders.
Biological effect markers in exhaled breath condensate and biomonitoring in welders: impact of smoking and protection equipment
TLDR
It has been shown that welding-associated long-term and short-term health effects could be detected in a population of welders and H2O2 may be an effect marker associated with smoking rather than with welding fumes, while nitrate in EBC seems to be sensitive to welding fume exposure.
Occurrence and distribution of PCB metabolites in blood and their potential health effects in humans: a review
TLDR
Based on the lack of knowledge on the occurrence and distribution of lower chlorinated OH-PCBs in humans, further studies to identify and assess the risks associated to human exposure are essential.
Fast determination of hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls in human plasma by online solid phase extraction coupled to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
TLDR
A novel, sensitive and high throughput online solid phase extraction (SPE) method coupled to LC-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for the separation and quantitation of relevant congeners of OH-PCBs in human plasma is developed and validated.
Number size distribution of fine and ultrafine fume particles from various welding processes.
TLDR
Although mass emission is low for tungsten inert gas welding and resistance spot welding, due to the low particle size of the fume, these processes cannot be labeled as toxicologically irrelevant and should be further investigated.
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