The Simons Genome Diversity Project: 300 genomes from 142 diverse populations
It is demonstrated that indigenous Australians, New Guineans and Andamanese do not derive substantial ancestry from an early dispersal of modern humans; instead, their modern human ancestry is consistent with coming from the same source as that of other non-Africans.
Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans
It is shown that most present-day Europeans derive from at least three highly differentiated populations: west European hunter-gatherers, who contributed ancestry to all Europeans but not to Near Easterners; ancient north Eurasians related to Upper Palaeolithic Siberians; and early European farmers, who were mainly of Near Eastern origin but also harboured west Europeanhunter-gatherer related ancestry.
Phylogeographic differentiation of mitochondrial DNA in Han Chinese.
- Yong-Gang Yao, Q. Kong, H. Bandelt, T. Kivisild, Ya-ping Zhang
- BiologyAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
- 1 March 2002
These and other features of the geographical distribution of the mtDNA haplogroups observed in the Han Chinese make an initial Paleolithic colonization from south to north plausible but would suggest subsequent migration events in China that mainly proceeded from north to south and east to west.
The effective mutation rate at Y chromosome short tandem repeats, with application to human population-divergence time.
This value is used to estimate the times of the African Bantu expansion, the divergence of Polynesian populations (the Maoris, Cook Islanders, and Samoans), and the origin of Gypsy populations from Bulgaria.
Beringian Standstill and Spread of Native American Founders
The newly resolved phylogenetic structure suggests that ancestors of Native Americans paused when they reached Beringia, during which time New World founder lineages differentiated from their Asian sister-clades, and a swift migration southward that distributed the founder types all the way to South America.
Deep common ancestry of Indian and western-Eurasian mitochondrial DNA lineages
Excavating Y-chromosome haplotype strata in Anatolia
This comprehensive characterization of Y-chromosome heritage addresses many multifaceted aspects of Anatolian prehistory, including: the most frequent haplogroup, J, splits into two sub-clades, one of which (J2) shows decreasing variances with increasing latitude, compatible with a northward expansion.
The emerging limbs and twigs of the East Asian mtDNA tree.
The phylogenetic backbone of the East Asian mtDNA tree is determined by using published complete mtDNA sequences and assessing both coding and control region variation in 69 Han individuals from southern China, confirming that the East Asia mtDNA pool is locally region-specific and completely covered by the two superhaplogroups M and N.
The genetic heritage of the earliest settlers persists both in Indian tribal and caste populations.
Results show that Indian tribal and caste populations derive largely from the same genetic heritage of Pleistocene southern and western Asians and have received limited gene flow from external regions since the Holocene.
An Aboriginal Australian Genome Reveals Separate Human Dispersals into Asia
It is shown that Aboriginal Australians are descendants of an early human dispersal into eastern Asia, possibly 62,000 to 75,000 years ago, which is separate from the one that gave rise to modern Asians 25, thousands of years ago.