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Innate versus learned odour processing in the mouse olfactory bulb
The mammalian olfactory system mediates various responses, including aversive behaviours to spoiled foods and fear responses to predator odours. In the olfactory bulb, each glomerulus represents aExpand
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The male mouse pheromone ESP1 enhances female sexual receptive behaviour through a specific vomeronasal receptor
Various social behaviours in mice are regulated by chemical signals called pheromones that act through the vomeronasal system. Exocrine gland-secreting peptide 1 (ESP1) is a 7-kDa peptide that isExpand
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Oxytocin-gaze positive loop and the coevolution of human-dog bonds
Gaze into my eyes Humans bond emotionally as we gaze into each other's eyes—a process mediated by the hormone oxytocin. Nagasawa et al. show that such gaze-mediated bonding also exists between us andExpand
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Oxytocin promotes social bonding in dogs
Significance Although the positive impact of social bonds on individual’s fitness has recently been demonstrated, the mechanisms underlying the motivation to form long-term associations remainExpand
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Early weaning induces anxiety and precocious myelination in the anterior part of the basolateral amygdala of male Balb/c mice
Weaning is one of the most important events that occur during the early stages of life. For example, precocious weaning is known to increase anxiety-related behaviors in rodents. Here, we demonstrateExpand
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Social buffering: relief from stress and anxiety
Communication is essential to members of a society not only for the expression of personal information, but also for the protection from environmental threats. Highly social mammals have a distinctExpand
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Alteration of behavioural phenotype in mice by targeted disruption of the progranulin gene
Sexual differentiation of the brain in rodents is achieved by estrogens, which are converted from androgens in the brain, during the perinatal period. We have identified the progranulin (PGRN) geneExpand
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Assessment of equine temperament by a questionnaire survey to caretakers and evaluation of its reliability by simultaneous behavior test
Abstract We carried out a questionnaire survey of the caretakers, using 86 riding horses kept in the Equestrian Park, Tokyo (Japan Racing Association). The questionnaire survey used a 5-point scaleExpand
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Repeated maternal separation: differences in cocaine-induced behavioral sensitization in adult male and female mice
RationaleRepeated maternal separations profoundly alter the adult stress response, the development of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, and prominently, the GABAergic and monoaminergicExpand
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Dogs can discriminate human smiling faces from blank expressions
Dogs have a unique ability to understand visual cues from humans. We investigated whether dogs can discriminate between human facial expressions. Photographs of human faces were used to test nine petExpand
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