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Plant Poisonings and Mycotoxicoses of Livestock in Southern Africa
Liver Central nervous system Heart Gastrointestinal tract Urogenital system Respiratory system Haemopoietic system The skin and adnexa
Leukoencephalomalacia in a horse induced by fumonisin B1 isolated from Fusarium moniliforme.
TLDR
Experimental evidence that fumonisin B1, produced by F. moniliforme, causes equine leukoencephalomalacia is provided. Expand
Leukoencephalomalacia in two horses induced by oral dosing of fumonisin B1.
TLDR
These trials proved conclusively that FB1 can induce LEM in horses and characteristic lesions of LEM were present in the brains. Expand
A comparative study of the toxicity of Fusarium verticillioides (= F. moniliforme) to horses, primates, pigs, sheep and rats.
TLDR
An isolate of Fusarium verticillioides that induced experimental leukoencephalomalacia, also caused acute toxicity when fed to pigs and administered per rumen fistula to sheep and resulted in acute congestive heart failure or hepatic cirrhosis, depending on the dose. Expand
Diplonine, a neurotoxin isolated from cultures of the fungus Stenocarpella maydis (Berk.) Sacc. that induces diplodiosis.
TLDR
A toxin, named diplonine, which induced neurological signs in guinea pigs resembling some of those occurring in cattle and sheep, was isolated from S. maydis cultures and defined by analysis of NMR and MS data as (S)-2-amino-2-[(1R,2S)-1-hydroxy-2-methylcyclopropyl]acetic acid. Expand
The distribution, diagnoses and estimated economic impact of plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses in South Africa.
TLDR
The annual total cost of plant poisonings/mycotoxicoses to the livestock industry of South Africa is conservatively estimated at R104 506 077, which does not include hidden losses such as diminished production, reproductive failure, the cost of not utilizing toxic pastures and the fall in price of infested land. Expand
Cardiomyopathy of ruminants induced by the litter of poultry fed on rations containing the ionophore antibiotic, maduramicin. I. Epidemiology, clinical signs and clinical pathology.
TLDR
Since the cardiac lesions in field cases were similar to those of ionophore poisoning and broiler rations containing maduramicin was a common factor in several outbreaks, toxic litter from some of these outbreaks were tested for the presence of this compound. Expand
A highly fatal tremorgenic mycotoxicosis of cattle caused by Aspergillus clavatus.
TLDR
During February 1975, a tremorgenic neurotoxicosis decimated a herd of cattle in the northern Transvaal, and by feeding the suspect ration and its component parts to cattle and sheep, it was possible to identify mouldy sorghum beer residue as the toxic component in the ration. Expand
Observations on the clinical, cardiac and histopathological effects of fluoroacetate in sheep.
TLDR
The clinical signs, haemodynamic changes, chemical pathology and pathology of acute, subacute and chronically intoxicated cases are described and Tetanic convulsions were seen in acutely intoxicated animals and in them respiratory failure, occurring concomitantly with cardiac failure, may have been the cause of death. Expand
Hepatogenous photosensitivity diseases in South Africa.
Various hepatogenous photosensitivity diseases of ruminants in South Africa, caused by plants, fungi and an alga, are described. Information is given on botanical, mycological, toxicological,Expand
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