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Biological, Clinical, and Population Relevance of 95 Loci for Blood Lipids
TLDR
The results identify several novel loci associated with plasma lipids that are also associated with CAD and provide the foundation to develop a broader biological understanding of lipoprotein metabolism and to identify new therapeutic opportunities for the prevention of CAD. Expand
Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index
TLDR
18 new loci associated with body mass index are identified, one of which includes a copy number variant near GPRC5B, and genes in other newly associated loci may provide new insights into human body weight regulation. Expand
Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation
TLDR
Several of the likely causal genes are highly expressed or known to act in the central nervous system (CNS), emphasizing, as in rare monogenic forms of obesity, the role of the CNS in predisposition to obesity. Expand
New genetic loci implicated in fasting glucose homeostasis and their impact on type 2 diabetes risk
TLDR
It is demonstrated that genetic studies of glycemic traits can identify type 2 diabetes risk loci, as well as loci containing gene variants that are associated with a modest elevation in glucose levels but are not associated with overt diabetes. Expand
Discovery and Refinement of Loci Associated with Lipid Levels
TLDR
It is found that loci associated with blood lipid levels are often associated with cardiovascular and metabolic traits, including coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, blood pressure, waist-hip ratio and body mass index. Expand
Common variants near MC4R are associated with fat mass, weight and risk of obesity
TLDR
It is established that common variants near MC4R influence fat mass, weight and obesity risk at the population level and reinforce the need for large-scale data integration to identify variants influencing continuous biomedical traits. Expand
Plasma HDL cholesterol and risk of myocardial infarction: a mendelian randomisation study
TLDR
Mendelian randomisation analyses challenge the concept that raising of plasma HDL cholesterol will uniformly translate into reductions in risk of myocardial infarction. Expand
Hundreds of variants clustered in genomic loci and biological pathways affect human height
TLDR
It is shown that hundreds of genetic variants, in at least 180 loci, influence adult height, a highly heritable and classic polygenic trait, and indicates that GWA studies can identify large numbers of loci that implicate biologically relevant genes and pathways. Expand
Genome-wide association study identifies eight loci associated with blood pressure
Elevated blood pressure is a common, heritable cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. To date, identification of common genetic variants influencing blood pressure has proven challenging. WeExpand
New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution
TLDR
A genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip circumferences in up to 224,459 individuals implicated adipogenesis, angiogenesis, transcriptional regulation and insulin resistance as processes affecting fat distribution, providing insight into potential pathophysiological mechanisms. Expand
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