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Megaparks for metapopulations: Addressing the causes of locally high elephant numbers in southern Africa
Conservation management options for southern African elephants range from local to regional scales. Here we review these options and argue in favour of actions that will deal with the causes rather
Solutions for elephant Loxodonta africana crop raiding in northern Botswana: moving away from symptomatic approaches
Abstract Conflict between people and elephants in Africa is widespread yet many solutions target the symptoms, rather than the underlying causes, of this conflict. To manage this conflict better the
Conservation science and elephant management in southern Africa
This approach avoids reducing numbers directly and addresses patterns of spatial use to reduce local impacts and limit regional numbers and emphasizes the cause of the elephant problem and focuses on a systemic rather than a symptomatic treatment.
The social organization and breeding system of Brants' whistling rat (Parotomys brantsii)
There was, however, evidence that reproductively receptive females were more tolerant of males, who may guard females following mating, which parallels the scramble competition polygyny described for a number of other species, including North American ground squirrels.
Factors influencing food collection behaviour of Brants' whistling rat (Parotomys brantsii): a central place forager
The foraging behaviour of Brants' whistling rats is complex, and whilst they may follow simple central place foraging strategies, other factors such as the time of day and food plant species also influence their foraged behaviour.
Differences in alarm vocalizations of sympatric populations of the whistling rats, Parotomys brantsii and P. littledalei (Rodentia: Muridae)
The data support the acoustic adaptation hypothesis in that P. littledalei, which inhabits a more closed habitat, has calls which are lower in frequency than P. brantsii calls, but contrary to the hypothesis, P.brantii calls do not show greater frequency modulation.
Gut morphology of the Otomyine rodents: an arid-mesic comparison
The results suggest an elongation of the large intestine, with a concurrent reduction in the size of the small intestine in the arid-occurring species, and it is argued that this trend may be related to water conservation and is supported by the distribution of the three species, with P. littledalei, which occurs in the most arid areas of theThree, having the longest large intestine.
Love Disconsoled: Meditations on Christian Charity
List of figures Preface 1. Biblical keys to love 2. Back to the garden or into the night 3. The five loves 4. Love, abomination and liberation 5. The disconsolation of love 6. Is Isaac our neighbour?
Female nesting behaviour, pup growth and ontogeny in Brants' whistling rat (Parotomys brantsii)
The high reproductive output of female P. brantsii, as well as the rapid ontogeny of their young, compared to other otomyine rodent species, may represent an adaptation for maximizing reproductive potential in the semi-arid areas they inhabit.