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A nuclear factor for IL‐6 expression (NF‐IL6) is a member of a C/EBP family.
NF‐IL6 is a nuclear factor that specifically binds to an IL1‐responsive element in the IL‐6 gene. In this study the gene encoding NF‐IL6 has been cloned by direct screening of a lambda gt11 libraryExpand
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IL-6 induces an anti-inflammatory response in the absence of SOCS3 in macrophages
Whereas interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a proinflammatory cytokine, IL-10 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine. Although signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is essential for the functionExpand
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Biology of multifunctional cytokines: IL 6 and related molecules (IL 1 and TNF)
Interleukin 1 (IL 1), IL 6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) are typical examples of multifunctional cytokines involved in the regulation of the immune response, hematopoiesis, and inflammation. TheirExpand
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IL-6 signal transduction and its physiological roles: the signal orchestration model.
Interleukin (IL)-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine that not only affects the immune system, but also acts in other biological systems and many physiological events in various organs. In a target cell, IL-6Expand
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Roles of STAT3 in mediating the cell growth, differentiation and survival signals relayed through the IL-6 family of cytokine receptors
Members of the IL-6 cytokine family are involved in a variety of biological responses, including the immune response, inflammation, hematopoiesis, and oncogenesis by regulating cell growth, survival,Expand
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A central role for Stat3 in IL‐6‐induced regulation of growth and differentiation in M1 leukemia cells.
Interleukin‐6 (IL‐6) induces either differentiation or growth of a variety of cells. Little is known about the molecular basis of this cellular decision. The family of signal transducer and activatorExpand
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Two signals are necessary for cell proliferation induced by a cytokine receptor gp130: involvement of STAT3 in anti-apoptosis.
gp130 is a common signal transducer for the interleukin-6-related cytokines. To delineate the gp130-mediated growth signal, we established a series of pro-B cell lines expressing chimeric receptorsExpand
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Analysis of upstream elements in the HuC promoter leads to the establishment of transgenic zebrafish with fluorescent neurons.
HuC encodes an RNA binding protein homologous to Drosophila elav that serves as an excellent early marker for differentiating neurons. We have characterized the promoter of the zebrafish HuC gene byExpand
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NetPath: a public resource of curated signal transduction pathways
We have developed NetPath as a resource of curated human signaling pathways. As an initial step, NetPath provides detailed maps of a number of immune signaling pathways, which include approximatelyExpand
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Zinc is a novel intracellular second messenger
Zinc is an essential trace element required for enzymatic activity and for maintaining the conformation of many transcription factors; thus, zinc homeostasis is tightly regulated. Although zincExpand
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