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Computed tomographic measurements of airway dimensions and emphysema in smokers. Correlation with lung function.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by the presence of airflow obstruction caused by emphysema or airway narrowing, or both. Low attenuation areas (LAA) on computedExpand
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Generation of Alveolar Epithelial Spheroids via Isolated Progenitor Cells from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells
Summary No methods for isolating induced alveolar epithelial progenitor cells (AEPCs) from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have been reported. Based onExpand
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Complexity of terminal airspace geometry assessed by lung computed tomography in normal subjects and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Increases in the low attenuation areas (LAA) of chest x-ray computed tomography images in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been reported to reflect the development ofExpand
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Directed Induction of Functional Multi-ciliated Cells in Proximal Airway Epithelial Spheroids from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells
Summary Multi-ciliated airway cells (MCACs) play a role in mucociliary clearance of the lung. However, the efficient induction of functional MCACs from human pluripotent stem cells has not yet beenExpand
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Risk and severity of COPD is associated with the group-specific component of serum globulin 1F allele.
BACKGROUND The finding that only 15 to 20% of cigarette smokers acquire COPD suggests that there is a genetic predisposition to the disease. Genetic polymorphism of the group-specific component ofExpand
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Matrix metalloproteinase-9 promoter polymorphism associated with upper lung dominant emphysema.
RATIONALE Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) has proteolytic activity against connective tissue proteins and appears to play an important role in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonaryExpand
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High sensitivity C-reactive protein in asthma
Asthma is characterised by chronic inflammation of the airways, but the relevance of high-sensitivity assays for C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), which are known to be a sensitive marker of low-gradeExpand
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Chronic Antibody‐Mediated Rejection Is Reduced by Targeting B‐Cell Immunity During an Introductory Period
Transplantation across blood group antigen and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) barriers are immunologically high risk. Both splenectomy and rituximab injection were developed to overcome thoseExpand
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Differentiation between Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome and lymphangioleiomyomatosis: quantitative analysis of pulmonary cysts on computed tomography of the chest in 66 females.
BACKGROUNDS Since Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) and lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) share some clinical manifestations (multiple pulmonary cysts with pneumothorax, renal tumors, and sometimes skinExpand
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Long-term expansion of alveolar stem cells derived from human iPS cells in organoids
The stable expansion of tissue-specific stem cells in vitro has contributed to research on several organs. Alveolar epithelial type II (AT2) cells function as tissue stem cells in the lung, butExpand
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