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The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence: a revision of the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire.
We examine and refine the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ: Fagerström, 1978). The relation between each FTQ item and biochemical measures of heaviness of smoking was examined in 254 smokers.Expand
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Finding the Self? An Event-Related fMRI Study
Researchers have long debated whether knowledge about the self is unique in terms of its functional anatomic representation within the human brain. In the context of memory function, knowledge aboutExpand
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Guilt: an interpersonal approach.
Multiple sets of empirical research findings on guilt are reviewed to evaluate the view that guilt should be understood as an essentially social phenomenon that happens between people as much as itExpand
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Losing Control: How and Why People Fail at Self-Regulation
Basic Issues: Introduction: Self-Regulation Failure in Social and Theoretical Context. General Patterns and Mechanisms of Self-Regulation Failure. Controlling Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions: TaskExpand
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Binge eating as escape from self-awareness.
This article proposes that binge eating is motivated by a desire to escape from self-awareness. Binge eaters suffer from high standards and expectations, especially an acute sensitivity to theExpand
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Self-Regulation Failure: An Overview
The major patterns of self-regulatory failure are reviewed. Underregulation occurs because of deficient standards, inadequate monitoring, or inadequate strength. Misregulation occurs because of falseExpand
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A general approach to representing multifaceted personality constructs: Application to state self‐esteem
This article proposes a framework for representing personality constructs at four levels of abstraction. The total aggregation model is the composite formed by the sum of scores on all items in aExpand
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Neuroanatomical Evidence for Distinct Cognitive and Affective Components of Self
This study examines whether the cognitive and affective components of self-reflection can be dissociated using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Using a simple paradigm in which subjects judgedExpand
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Medial prefrontal activity predicts memory for self.
The ability to remember the past depends on cognitive operations that are recruited when information is initially encountered. In the current experiment, we investigated neural processes thatExpand
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Self-Regulatory Failure: A Resource-Depletion Approach
Three studies were conducted to test the behavioral consequences of effortful self-regulation. Individuals with chronic inhibitions about eating were exposed to situations varying in level ofExpand
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