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A Nongray Theory of Extrasolar Giant Planets and Brown Dwarfs
We present the results of a new series of nongray calculations of the atmospheres, spectra, colors, and evolution of extrasolar giant planets (EGPs) and brown dwarfs for effective temperatures belowExpand
On the radiative equilibrium of irradiated planetary atmospheres
The evolution of stars and planets is mostly controlled by the properties of their atmosphere. This is particularly true in the case of exoplanets close to their stars, for which one has to accountExpand
Transiting exoplanets from the CoRoT space mission VIII. CoRoT-7b: the first Super-Earth with measured radius
Aims. We report the discovery of very shallow (ΔF/F ≈ 3.4× 10 −4 ), periodic dips in the light curve of an active V = 11.7 G9V star observed by the CoRoT satellite, which we interpret as caused by aExpand
Giant planets at small orbital distances
Using Doppler spectroscopy to detect the reflex motion of the nearby star, 51 Pegasi, Mayor & Queloz (1995) claim to have discovered a giant planet in a 0.05 AU, 4.23 day orbit. They estimate itsExpand
Atmospheric circulation and tides of ``51 Pegasus b-like'' planets
We examine the properties of the atmospheres of extrasolar giant planets at orbital distances smaller than 0.1 AU from their stars. We show that these \51 Peg b-like" planets are rapidly synchronizedExpand
Evolution of protoplanetary disks: Constraints from DM Tauri and GM Aurigae
We present a one-dimensional model of the formation and viscous evolution of protoplanetary disks. The formation of the early disk is modeled as the result of the gravitational collapse of anExpand
Evolution of "51 Pegasus b-like" planets
About one-quarter of the extrasolar giant planets discovered so far have orbital distances smaller than 0.1 AU. These “51 Peg b-like” planets can now be directly characterized, as shown by the planetExpand
Interiors of giant planets inside and outside the solar system.
An understanding of the structure and composition of the giant planets is rapidly evolving because of (i) high-pressure experiments with the ability to study metallic hydrogen and define theExpand
The CoRoT-7 planetary system: two orbiting super-Earths
We report on an intensive observational campaign carried out with HARPS at the 3.6 m telescope at La Silla on the star CoRoT-7. Additional simultaneous photometric measurements carried out with theExpand
Composition and fate of short-period super-Earths: The case of CoRoT-7b
The discovery of CoRoT-7b, a planet of radius 1.68 +/- 0.09 R_E, mass 4.8 +/- 0.8 M_E and orbital period of 0.854 days demonstrates that small planets can orbit extremely close to their star. We useExpand