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TESTING FOR PHYLOGENETIC SIGNAL IN COMPARATIVE DATA: BEHAVIORAL TRAITS ARE MORE LABILE
Abstract The primary rationale for the use of phylogenetically based statistical methods is that phylogenetic signal, the tendency for related species to resemble each other, is ubiquitous. WhetherExpand
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Procedures for the Analysis of Comparative Data Using Phylogenetically Independent Contrasts
We discuss and clarify several aspects of applying Felsenstein's (1985, Am. Nat. 125: 1n15) procedures to test for correlated evolution of continuous traits. This is one of several availableExpand
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Phylogenetic Analysis of Covariance by Computer Simulation
Biologists often compare average phenotypes of groups of species defined cladistically or on behavioral, ecological, or physiological criteria (e.g., carnivores vs. herbivores, social vs. nonsocialExpand
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An Introduction to Phylogenetically Based Statistical Methods, with a New Method for Confidence Intervals on Ancestral Values
Interspecific comparisons have played a prominent role in evolutionary biology at least since the time of Charles Darwin. Since 1985, the “comparative method” has been revitalized by new analyticalExpand
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Why tropical forest lizards are vulnerable to climate warming
Biological impacts of climate warming are predicted to increase with latitude, paralleling increases in warming. However, the magnitude of impacts depends not only on the degree of warming but alsoExpand
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The primate semicircular canal system and locomotion
The semicircular canal system of vertebrates helps coordinate body movements, including stabilization of gaze during locomotion. Quantitative phylogenetically informed analysis of the radius ofExpand
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EVOLUTION OF SPRINT SPEED IN LACERTID LIZARDS: MORPHOLOGICAL, PHYSIOLOGICAL, AND BEHAVIORAL COVARIATION
Organismal performance abilities occupy a central position in phenotypic evolution; they are determined by suites of interacting lower‐level traits (e.g., morphology and physiology) and they are aExpand
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Artificial Selection for Increased Wheel-Running Behavior in House Mice
Replicated within-family selection for increased voluntary wheel running in outbred house mice (Mus domesticus; Hsd:ICR strain) was applied with four high-selected and four control lines (10Expand
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Mouse inbred strain differences in ethanol drinking to intoxication
Recently, we described a simple procedure, Drinking in the Dark (DID), in which C57BL/6J mice self‐administer ethanol to a blood ethanol concentration (BEC) above 1 mg/ml. The test consists ofExpand
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PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSES OF THE CORRELATED EVOLUTION OF CONTINUOUS CHARACTERS: A SIMULATION STUDY
We use computer simulation to compare the statistical properties of several methods that have been proposed for estimating the evolutionary correlation between two continuous traits, and defineExpand
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