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Long-Term Region-Wide Declines in Caribbean Corals
Although the rate of coral loss has slowed in the past decade compared to the 1980s, significant declines are persisting and the ability of Caribbean coral reefs to cope with future local and global environmental change may be irretrievably compromised. Expand
Primary forests are irreplaceable for sustaining tropical biodiversity
It is found that biodiversity values were substantially lower in degraded forests, but that this varied considerably by geographic region, taxonomic group, ecological metric and disturbance type. Expand
Quantifying the biodiversity value of tropical primary, secondary, and plantation forests
The results show that, whereas the biodiversity indicator group concept may hold some validity for several taxa that are frequently sampled, it fails for those exhibiting highly idiosyncratic responses to tropical land-use change, highlighting the problems associated with quantifying the biodiversity value of anthropogenic habitats. Expand
Prospects for tropical forest biodiversity in a human-modified world.
A critical synthesis of the scientific insights that guide the understanding of patterns and processes underpinning forest biodiversity in the human-modified tropics are provided, and a conceptual framework that integrates a broad range of social and ecological factors that define and contextualize the possible future of tropical forest species is presented. Expand
Faustian bargains? Restoration realities in the context of biodiversity offset policies
The science and practice of ecological restoration are increasingly being called upon to compensate for the loss of biodiversity values caused by development projects. BiodiversityExpand
Beyond the Fragmentation Threshold Hypothesis: Regime Shifts in Biodiversity Across Fragmented Landscapes
A new conceptual model is presented describing the mechanisms and consequences of biodiversity change in fragmented landscapes, identifying the fragmentation threshold as a first step in a positive feedback mechanism that has the capacity to impair ecological resilience, and drive a regime shift in biodiversity. Expand
A large-scale field assessment of carbon stocks in human-modified tropical forests.
Carbon loss and subsequent emissions due to human disturbances remain largely unaccounted for in greenhouse gas inventories, but by comparing estimates of depleted carbon stocks in disturbed forests with Brazilian government assessments of the total forest area annually disturbed in the Amazon, it is shown that these emissions could represent up to 40% of the carbon loss from deforestation in the region. Expand
Paradox, presumption and pitfalls in conservation biology: The importance of habitat change for amphibians and reptiles.
A global scale review of the state of research regarding the consequences of structural habitat change for amphibians and reptiles reveals a number of serious deficiencies, and suggests that the study of habitat change is deserving of considerably more attention. Expand
The decline of corals on tropical reefs is usually ascribed to a combination of natural and anthropogenic factors, but the relative importance of these causes remains unclear. In this paper, weExpand
Understanding the biodiversity consequences of habitat change: the value of secondary and plantation forests for neotropical dung beetles
1. Secondary and plantation forests are becoming increasingly widespread in the tropics. A recent meta-analysis on the impacts of land-use change on tropical forest dung beetles concluded thatExpand