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Descriptive analysis of critical care units in the United States
Objective:To gather data about available technology, staffing, administrative policies, and bed capacities of ICUs in the United States. Design and Setting:On January 15, 1991, survey instrumentsExpand
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Comparison of propofol and midazolam for sedation in intensive care unit patients.
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the comparative safety and effectiveness of intravenous infusion of propofol or midazolam when used for 12 to 24 hrs of sedation and to evaluate the quality of sedation duringExpand
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Management of the agitated intensive care unit patient.
Agitation: 1. Violent motion. 2. Strong or tumultuous emotion. Management of the agitated patient is fast becoming an area of major breakthroughs for critical care medicine. To illustrate, Figure 1Expand
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  • Open Access
Emerging Options for the Management of Fecal Incontinence in Hospitalized Patients
Fecal incontinence is a common problem among hospitalized patients. It predisposes them to complications such as infections and pressure ulcers, resulting in added morbidity and increased length ofExpand
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Titration of PEEP by the arterial minus end-tidal carbon dioxide gradient.
It was shown in dogs that intrapulmonary physiologic shunt (Qsp/Qt), arterial oxygen tension (PaO2), total static respiratory compliance (CT), oxygen delivery (O2AV), cardiac output (Qt), andExpand
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High‐frequency percussive ventilation compared with conventional mechanical ventilation
In seven patients with severe respiratory distress, conventional mechanical ventilation and PEEP were used initially for respiratory support, which was changed to high-frequency percussiveExpand
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Craniotomy for intracranial aneurysm and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Is course, cost, or outcome affected by age?
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Age may influence cost or effectiveness of treatment for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study examined the effect of age on both. METHODS Patients (n = 219) whoExpand
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Electrocardiogram-guided placement of enteral feeding tubes
Objective To evaluate a new electrocardiogram guided method for placing nasoenteral feeding tubes in critically ill patients. Design Prospective case series. Setting Surgical intensive care unit in aExpand
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Terminology update: optimal PEEP
The term, optimal PEEP, requires redefinition in the light of new clinical data. With the onset of acute respiratory failure heralded by blood gas evidence of decreased oxygenation, PEEP is suppliedExpand
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