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Alternative dietary indices both strongly predict risk of chronic disease.
TLDR
The findings suggest that closer adherence to the 2005 Dietary Guidelines may lower risk of major chronic disease, however, the AHEI-2010, which included additional dietary information, was more strongly associated with chronic disease risk, particularly CHD and diabetes.
Diet-quality scores and plasma concentrations of markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction.
TLDR
Higher AHEI and aMED scores were associated with lower concentrations of biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction and therefore may be useful as guidelines for reducing the risk of diseases involving such biological pathways.
Adherence to a DASH-style diet and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke in women.
TLDR
Adherence to the DASH-style diet is associated with a lower risk of CHD and stroke among middle-aged women during 24 years of follow-up.
Association between dietary patterns and plasma biomarkers of obesity and cardiovascular disease risk.
TLDR
Major dietary patterns are predictors of plasma biomarkers of CVD and obesity risk, suggesting that the effect of overall diet on CVD risk may be mediated through these biomarkers.
Major dietary patterns are related to plasma concentrations of markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction.
TLDR
Because endothelial dysfunction is an early step in the development of atherosclerosis, this study suggests a mechanism for the role of dietary patterns in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease.
Dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease in women.
TLDR
A diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, poultry, and fish and low in refined grains, potatoes, and red and processed meats may lower risk of CHD.
Mediterranean Diet and Incidence of and Mortality From Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke in Women
TLDR
A greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet, as reflected by a higher Alternate Mediterranean Diet Score, was associated with a lower risk of incident CHD and stroke in women.
Sweetened beverage consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women.
TLDR
Regular consumption of SSBs is associated with a higher risk of CHD in women, even after other unhealthful lifestyle or dietary factors are accounted for.
Whole-grain intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study in men.
TLDR
In men, a diet high in whole grains is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes in men that may be mediated by cereal fiber.
Diet-Quality Scores and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Men
TLDR
Several diet-quality scores were associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes and reflect a common dietary pattern characterized by high intakes of plant-based foods such as whole grains; moderate alcohol; and low intakes of red and processed meat, sodium, sugar-sweetened beverages, and trans fat.
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