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The Orosensory Recognition of Long-Chain Fatty Acids in Rats
To determine the selectivity of long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) in the oral cavity, short-term (5 min) two-bottle tests were conducted in rats. Fifteen male Wistar rats were given oleic acid, linoleicExpand
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Expression of the putative membrane fatty acid transporter (FAT) in taste buds of the circumvallate papillae in rats
The putative membrane fatty acid transporter (FAT) protein and its mRNA, originally expressed in adipose tissue, were found in the tongue of rats. Northern blot analysis showed a significantExpand
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Nicotinamide suppresses hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients.
BACKGROUND The use of calcium- or aluminum-based phosphate binders against hyperphosphatemia is limited by the adverse effects of hypercalcemia or aluminum toxicity in long-term hemodialysis. BecauseExpand
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Products of the colonic microbiota mediate the effects of diet on colon cancer risk.
It is estimated that most colon cancers can be attributed to dietary causes. We have hypothesized that diet influences the health of the colonic mucosa through interaction with the microbiota andExpand
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Effects of UVA Irradiation on the Concentration of Folate in Human Blood
Although it is well known that ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation destroys folate, no definite conclusion for the biological degradation has yet been drawn. In the present study, we determined theExpand
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Effects of oral stimulation with fats on the cephalic phase of pancreatic enzyme secretion in esophagostomized rats
Recent studies suggest that there is a chemical perception of dietary fat in the oral cavity. A much greater response in the cephalic phase of pancreatic secretion is obtained by palatable tasteExpand
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Elucidation of the Toxic Mechanism of the Plasticizers, Phthalic Acid Esters, Putative Endocrine Disrupters: Effects of Dietary Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate on the Metabolism of Tryptophan to…
We have previously reported that the administration of a large amount of di(n-butyl)phthalate (DBP) increased the conversion ratio of tryptophan to niacin in rats. In the present experiment, theExpand
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Role of gustation in the recognition of oleate and triolein in anosmic rats
Recent studies suggest a chemical perception of dietary fat in the oral cavity. To examine the role of gustation for the recognition of oleate and triolein, very short-term (5-min), two-bottleExpand
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Identification and expression of alpha cDNA encoding human 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate-6-semialdehyde decarboxylase (ACMSD): a key enzyme for the tryptophan-niacine pathway and quinolinate hypothesis.
Quinolinate (quinolinic acid) is a potent endogenous excitotoxin of neuronal cells. Elevation of quinolinate levels in the brain has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerativeExpand
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Urinary water-soluble vitamins and their metabolite contents as nutritional markers for evaluating vitamin intakes in young Japanese women.
Little information is available to estimate water-soluble vitamin intakes from urinary vitamins and their metabolite contents as possible nutritional markers. Determination of the relationshipsExpand
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