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Secret Weapons: Defenses of Insects, Spiders, Scorpions, and Other Many-Legged Creatures
This book is dominantly about chemical defences of terrestrial arthropods, though other types of defences (camouflage, catapulting, sticky traps) are also mentioned. Chapters are short, and typicallyExpand
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Defense by foot adhesion in a beetle (Hemisphaerota cyanea).
The beetle Hemisphaerota cyanea (Chrysomelidae; Cassidinae) responds to disturbance by activating a tarsal adhesion mechanism by which it secures a hold on the substrate. Its tarsi are oversized andExpand
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Vein-cutting behavior: insect counterploy to the latex defense of plants.
Many mandibulate insects that feed on milkweeds, or other latex-producing plants, cut leaf veins before feeding distal to the cuts. Vein cutting blocks latex flow to intended feeding sites and can beExpand
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The chemistry of sexual selection.
  • T. Eisner, J. Meinwald
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 3 January 1995
The moth Utetheisa ornatrix (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) is protected against predation by pyrrolizidine alkaloids that it sequesters as a larva from its foodplants. At mating, the male transfersExpand
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Defensive Secretions of Millipeds
The millipeds, comprising the arthropodan class Diplopoda, are a relatively uniform and unspectacular lot. Generally slow and sluggish despite their many legs, they are for the most part furtiveExpand
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Hindwings are unnecessary for flight but essential for execution of normal evasive flight in Lepidoptera
In Lepidoptera, forewings and hindwings are mechanically coupled and flap in synchrony. Flight is anteromotoric, being driven primarily by action of the forewings. Here we report that lepidopteransExpand
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Firefly "femmes fatales" acquire defensive steroids (lucibufagins) from their firefly prey.
Female fireflies of the genus Photuris, the so-called firefly "femmes fatales," prey on male fireflies of the genus Photinus. The females are able to entrap the males by faking the flash signalExpand
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Seasonal Anointment with Millipedes in a Wild Primate: A Chemical Defense Against Insects?
Members of a wild group of wedge-capped capuchin monkeys (Cebus olivaceus) intentionally anoint themselves with millipedes (Orthoporus dorsovittatus). Chemical analysis revealed these millipedesExpand
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Biparental defensive endowment of eggs with acquired plant alkaloid in the moth Utetheisa ornatrix.
The eggs of Utetheisa ornatrix contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids. These compounds are contributed by both parents, who sequester them as larvae from their food plants. Females receive alkaloid from theExpand
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