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The Contribution of Executive Functions to Emergent Mathematic Skills in Preschool Children
Mathematical ability is related to both activation of the prefrontal cortex in neuroimaging studies of adults and to executive functions in school-age children. The purpose of this study was toExpand
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A comparison of performance on the Towers of London and Hanoi in young children.
BACKGROUND The Towers of London (TOL) and Hanoi (TOH) have been viewed as equivalent measures of planning and/or problem solving, although recent evidence in adults suggests that the underlyingExpand
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Childhood and adolescent sexual abuse and subsequent sexual risk behavior: evidence from controlled studies, methodological critique, and suggestions for research.
Childhood and adolescent sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with a wide variety of adverse psychological and health outcomes, including negative sexual health outcomes. In this paper, we review theExpand
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Executive Functions in Preschool Children Born Preterm: Application of Cognitive Neuroscience Paradigms
Although children born preterm are at risk for neuropsychological impairments at school age and adolescence, including difficulties with visual motor integration, spatial/constructional skills,Expand
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Using Path Analysis to Understand Executive Function Organization in Preschool Children
There continues to be no consensus definition of executive functions. One way to understand different executive function components is to study abilities at their emergence, that is, early inExpand
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The intersection of violence, substance use, depression, and STDs: testing of a syndemic pattern among patients attending an urban STD clinic.
OBJECTIVES High rates of psychosocial and health problems have been identified among patients attending sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics, who are disproportionately urban, have low income,Expand
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HIV testing among individuals with a severe mental illness: review, suggestions for research, and clinical implications.
BACKGROUND The prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is elevated among individuals with a severe mental illness (SMI). Because of the benefits of HIV testing, it is important forExpand
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Child Maltreatment and Women’s Adult Sexual Risk Behavior: Childhood Sexual Abuse as a Unique Risk Factor
This study investigated (a) whether childhood sexual abuse (CSA) was uniquely associated with adult sexual risk behavior, after controlling for other types of childhood maltreatment and (b) whetherExpand
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Characteristics of Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adolescence Influence Sexual Risk Behavior in Adulthood
Childhood and adolescent sexual abuse has been associated with subsequent (adult) sexual risk behavior, but the effects of force and type of sexual abuse on sexual behavior outcomes have been lessExpand
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Improving HIV rapid testing rates among STD clinic patients: a randomized controlled trial.
OBJECTIVE The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that HIV testing be a standard part of medical care; however, testing is voluntary and some patients decline. We evaluated 2 briefExpand
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