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Effect of intravenous lidocaine on halothane minimum alveolar concentration in ponies.
This study investigated the effect of lidocaine i.v. on halothane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) in ponies. Six ponies were anaesthetised with thiopentone and succinylcholine, intubated andExpand
Effects of intravenous lidocaine, ketamine, and the combination on the minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane in dogs.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of intravenous lidocaine (L) and ketamine (K) alone and their combination (LK) on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane (SEVO) in dogs. STUDYExpand
Effect of systemic lidocaine on visceral and somatic nociception in conscious horses.
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Commonly used analgesics (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, opioids and alpha2-agonists) have unwanted side effects. An effective alternative with minimal adverseExpand
Effects of a concentrated lidocaine solution on the acute phase stress response to dehorning in dairy calves.
The objective of this study was to more fully define the surgical stress response to dehorning by heat cauterization in dairy calves by measuring behavioral, hormonal, inflammatory, and immunologicalExpand
Effect of lidocaine on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane in dogs.
OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of a low-dose constant rate infusion (LCRI; 50 microg kg(-1) minute(-1)) and high-dose CRI (HCRI; 200 microg kg(-1) minute(-1)) lidocaine infusion on the minimumExpand
Effects of tramadol on the minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane in dogs.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of tramadol on sevoflurane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC(SEVO)) in dogs. It was hypothesized that tramadol would dose-dependently decrease MAC(SEVO). STUDYExpand
Effect of intravenous lidocaine and ketamine on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane in goats.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of i.v. lidocaine (L) and ketamine (K), alone and in combination (LK), on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane (ISO) in goats. STUDY DESIGNExpand
Effect of a constant rate infusion of lidocaine on the quality of recovery from sevoflurane or isoflurane general anaesthesia in horses.
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Lidocaine constant rate infusions (CRIs) are common as an intraoperative adjunct to general anaesthesia, but their influence on quality of recovery has not beenExpand
Effect of high volume epidural morphine, ketamine and butorphanol on halothane minimum alveolar concentration in ponies.
This study determined the effects of epidurally administered morphine, ketamine and butorphanol on halothane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) in ponies. Seven ponies were anaesthetised withExpand
Determination of oral tramadol pharmacokinetics in horses.
The determination of the pharmacokinetic parameters of tramadol in plasma and a better characterization of its metabolites after oral administration to horses is necessary to design dosage regimensExpand
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