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THE WCRP CMIP3 Multimodel Dataset: A New Era in Climate Change Research
A coordinated set of global coupled climate model [atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (AOGCM)] experiments for twentieth- and twenty-first-century climate, as well as several climate change
Observed and simulated multidecadal variability in the Northern Hemisphere
Abstract Analyses of proxy based reconstructions of surface temperatures during the past 330 years show the existence of a distinct oscillatory mode of variability with an approximate time scale of
Interdecadal Variations of the Thermohaline Circulation in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Model
Abstract A fully coupled ocean-atmosphere model is shown to have irregular oscillations of the thermohaline circulation in the North Atlantic Ocean with a time scale of approximately 50 years. The
GFDL's CM2 Global Coupled Climate Models. Part I: Formulation and Simulation Characteristics
Abstract The formulation and simulation characteristics of two new global coupled climate models developed at NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) are described. The models were
Impact of Atlantic multidecadal oscillations on India/Sahel rainfall and Atlantic hurricanes
Prominent multidecadal fluctuations of India summer rainfall, Sahel summer rainfall, and Atlantic Hurricane activity have been observed during the 20th century. Understanding their mechanism(s) will
Simulated Tropical Response to a Substantial Weakening of the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation
Abstract In this study, a mechanism is demonstrated whereby a large reduction in the Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC) can induce global-scale changes in the Tropics that are consistent with
Anthropogenic Warming of Earth's Climate System
It is suggested that the observed increase in ocean heat content may largely be due to the increase of anthropogenic gases in Earth's atmosphere.
Multidecadal Thermohaline Circulation Variability Driven by Atmospheric Surface Flux Forcing
Previous analyses of an extended integration of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory coupled climate model have revealed pronounced multidecadal variations of the thermohaline circulation (THC)
The dynamical core, physical parameterizations, and basic simulation characteristics of the atmospheric component of the GFDL global coupled model CM3
AbstractThe Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) has developed a coupled general circulation model (CM3) for the atmosphere, oceans, land, and sea ice. The goal of CM3 is to address emerging
Probing the Fast and Slow Components of Global Warming by Returning Abruptly to Preindustrial Forcing
Abstract The fast and slow components of global warming in a comprehensive climate model are isolated by examining the response to an instantaneous return to preindustrial forcing. The response is