• Publications
  • Influence
Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey
The proposed cut off points, which are less arbitrary and more internationally based than current alternatives, should help to provide internationally comparable prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in children. Expand
Critical evaluation of energy intake data using fundamental principles of energy physiology: 1. Derivation of cut-off limits to identify under-recording.
Minimum cut-off limits for energy intake below which a person of a given sex, age and body weight could not live a normal life-style are defined, derived from whole-body calorimeter and doubly-labelled water measurements in a wide range of healthy adults. Expand
Body mass index cut offs to define thinness in children and adolescents: international survey
The proposed cut-off points should help to provide internationally comparable prevalence rates of thinness in children and adolescents consistent with the WHO adult definitions. Expand
Extended international (IOTF) body mass index cut‐offs for thinness, overweight and obesity
The international (International Obesity Task Force; IOTF) body mass index (BMI) cut‐offs are widely used to assess the prevalence of child overweight, obesity and thinness. Based on data from sixExpand
Smoothing reference centile curves: the LMS method and penalized likelihood.
The LMS method summarizes the changing distribution of a measurement as it changes according to some covariate by three curves representing the median, coefficient of variation and skewness, the latter expressed as a Box-Cox power. Expand
Multi-ethnic reference values for spirometry for the 3–95-yr age range: the global lung function 2012 equations
Spirometric prediction equations for the 3–95-age range are now available that include appropriate age-dependent lower limits of normal for spirometric indices, which can be applied globally to different ethnic groups. Expand
Human energy expenditure in affluent societies: an analysis of 574 doubly-labelled water measurements.
Analysis of the data from affluent societies shows that, in general, levels of energy expenditure are similar to the recommendations for energy requirements adopted by FAO/WHO/UNU and UK Department of Health (1991). Expand
The LMS method for constructing normalized growth standards.
  • T. Cole
  • Medicine
  • European journal of clinical nutrition
  • 1990
The LMS method provides a way of obtaining normalized growth centile standards which simplifies this assessment, and should prove useful both for the construction and application of growth standards. Expand
Body fat reference curves for children
Objective:To refine the diagnosis of childhood obesity by creating new sex-specific centile curves for body fat and to base these references on a simple and affordable method that could be widelyExpand
British 1990 growth reference centiles for weight, height, body mass index and head circumference fitted by maximum penalized likelihood.
To update the British growth reference, anthropometric data for weight, height, body mass index and head circumference from 17 distinct surveys representative of England, Scotland and Wales were analysed by maximum penalized likelihood using the LMS method. Expand