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Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey
Abstract Objective: To develop an internationally acceptable definition of child overweight and obesity, specifying the measurement, the reference population, and the age and sex specific cut off… Expand
Extended international (IOTF) body mass index cut‐offs for thinness, overweight and obesity
The international (International Obesity Task Force; IOTF) body mass index (BMI) cut‐offs are widely used to assess the prevalence of child overweight, obesity and thinness. Based on data from six… Expand
Body mass index cut offs to define thinness in children and adolescents: international survey
Objective To determine cut offs to define thinness in children and adolescents, based on body mass index at age 18 years. Design International survey of six large nationally representative cross… Expand
Smoothing reference centile curves: the LMS method and penalized likelihood.
Refence centile curves show the distribution of a measurement as it changes according to some covariate, often age. The LMS method summarizes the changing distribution by three curves representing… Expand
Multi-ethnic reference values for spirometry for the 3–95-yr age range: the global lung function 2012 equations
The aim of the Task Force was to derive continuous prediction equations and their lower limits of normal for spirometric indices, which are applicable globally. Over 160,000 data points from 72… Expand
The LMS method for constructing normalized growth standards.
- T. Cole
- European journal of clinical nutrition
It is now common practice to express child growth status in the form of SD scores. The LMS method provides a way of obtaining normalized growth centile standards which simplifies this assessment, and… Expand
Body mass index reference curves for the UK, 1990.
Reference curves for stature and weight in British children have been available for the past 30 years, and have recently been updated. However weight by itself is a poor indicator of fatness or… Expand
British 1990 growth reference centiles for weight, height, body mass index and head circumference fitted by maximum penalized likelihood.
To update the British growth reference, anthropometric data for weight, height, body mass index (weight/height2) and head circumference from 17 distinct surveys representative of England, Scotland… Expand
Cross sectional stature and weight reference curves for the UK, 1990.
- J. V. Freeman, T. Cole, S. Chinn, P. R. Jones, E. M. White, M. Preece
- Archives of disease in childhood
- 1 July 1995
The current reference curves of stature and weight for the UK were first published in 1966 and have been used ever since despite increasing concern that they may not adequately describe the growth of… Expand
Fetal origins of adult disease—the hypothesis revisited
The idea that stimuli or insults during critical or sensitive periods in early life can have lifetime consequences is well established in developmental biology and has been termed “programming.”1 The… Expand