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Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward
TLDR
A systematically review of the scientific literature on HIV/AIDS-related stigma to document the current state of research, identify gaps in the available evidence and highlight promising strategies to address stigma.
Alcohol use, drug use and alcohol-related problems among men who have sex with men: the Urban Men's Health Study.
TLDR
The complex pattern of associations with heavy and/or problematic substance use among urban MSM suggests that heavy and-or problematic substances use is grounded in multiple levels: the individual, the interpersonal and the socio-cultural.
Methodological problems in AIDS behavioral research: influences on measurement error and participation bias in studies of sexual behavior.
TLDR
This article reviews and integrates current literature on measurement error and participation bias in sex research, with an emphasis on collecting sexual information in the context of AIDS.
Towards an Understanding of Risk Behavior: An AIDS Risk Reduction Model (ARRM)
TLDR
This report presents a three-stage model (ARRM) that characterize people's efforts to change sexual behaviors related to HIV transmission, and denotes factors hypothesized to influence people's motivation to con tinue the change process over time.
Risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men
TLDR
Interventions are needed to help men reduce their number of sexual partners, occurrences of unprotected anal intercourse, alcohol or drug use before sex and address other mental health issues.
The continuing HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men.
TLDR
Although the findings suggest that HIV prevalence has declined significantly from the mid-1980s, current levels among urban MSM in the United States approximate those of sub-Saharan countries and are extremely high in many population subsegments.
Substance use and sexual risk: a participant- and episode-level analysis among a cohort of men who have sex with men.
TLDR
The authors concluded that programs aimed at preventing human immunodeficiency virus transmission should emphasize the influence of substance use during sex on increased risk behavior.
Childhood Sexual Abuse Is Highly Associated With HIV Risk-Taking Behavior and Infection Among MSM in the EXPLORE Study
TLDR
Findings indicate that HIV-uninfected MSM with CSA histories are at greater risk for HIV infection, report higher rates of HIV sexual risk behavior, and may derive less benefit from prevention programs.
High-risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in 6 US cities: baseline data from the EXPLORE Study.
TLDR
The findings support the continued need for effective intervention strategies for MSM that address relationship status, serostatus of partners, and drug and alcohol use.
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