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Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward
Although stigma is considered a major barrier to effective responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, stigma reduction efforts are relegated to the bottom of AIDS programme priorities. The complexity ofExpand
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Alcohol use, drug use and alcohol-related problems among men who have sex with men: the Urban Men's Health Study.
AIMS To measure the prevalence and independent associations of heavy and problematic use of alcohol and recreational drugs among a household-based sample of urban MSM (men who have sex with men). Expand
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Behavioural strategies to reduce HIV transmission: how to make them work better
This paper makes five key points. First is that the aggregate effect of radical and sustained behavioural changes in a sufficient number of individuals potentially at risk is needed for successfulExpand
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Towards an Understanding of Risk Behavior: An AIDS Risk Reduction Model (ARRM)
This report presents a three-stage model (ARRM) that characterize people's efforts to change sexual behaviors related to HIV transmission. ARRM focuses on social and psychological factorsExpand
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Methodological problems in AIDS behavioral research: influences on measurement error and participation bias in studies of sexual behavior.
An unprecedented number of human sexuality studies have been initiated in response to the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic. Unfortunately, methodological developments in the fieldExpand
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Risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men
Objectives:Risk factors for HIV acquisition were examined in a recent cohort of men who have sex with men (MSM). Design:A longitudinal analysis of 4295 HIV-negative MSM enrolled in a randomizedExpand
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The continuing HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men.
OBJECTIVES This study characterized the AIDS epidemic among urban men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS A probability sample of MSM was obtained in 1997 (n = 2881; 18 years and older) from NewExpand
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Substance use and sexual risk: a participant- and episode-level analysis among a cohort of men who have sex with men.
Prior reports associating substance use with sexual risk behavior have generally used summary measures and have not adjusted for participants' background levels of substance use. In this 1999-2001 USExpand
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Depressive symptoms and CD4 lymphocyte decline among HIV-infected men.
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether high levels of depressive symptomatology at baseline predict more rapid decline of CD4 lymphocyte counts and progression of clinical disease in persons infected withExpand
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The Mpowerment Project: a community-level HIV prevention intervention for young gay men.
OBJECTIVES Since young gay men are engaging in alarmingly high rates of unsafe sex and few seek help for changing risky behaviors, community-level programs to prevent infection with the humanExpand
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