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The evolutionary history of termites as inferred from 66 mitochondrial genomes.
The inference of ancestral geographic ranges shows that the Termitidae, which includes more than 75% of extant termite species, most likely originated in Africa or Asia, and acquired their pantropical distribution after a series of dispersal and subsequent diversification events.
A mitochondrial genome phylogeny of termites (Blattodea: Termitoidae): robust support for interfamilial relationships and molecular synapomorphies define major clades.
Oceanic dispersal, vicariance and human introduction shaped the modern distribution of the termites Reticulitermes, Heterotermes and Coptotermes
- T. Bourguignon, N. Lo, J. Šobotník, D. Sillam-Dussès, Y. Roisin, T. Evans
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 30 March 2016
These wood-eating termites appear to have acquired their modern worldwide distribution through multiple dispersal processes, with oceanic dispersal and human introduction favoured by the ecological traits of nesting in wood and producing replacement reproductives.
Evolution of Termite Symbiosis Informed by Transcriptome-Based Phylogenies
Structure and function of defensive glands in soldiers of Glossotermes oculatus (Isoptera: Serritermitidae)
The structure and function of defensive glands in Glossotermes oculatus soldiers aiming to understand their use in combat are investigated and it is hypothesized that this self-sacrifice is an efficient way of blocking a gallery under attack.
The frontal gland in workers of Neotropical soldierless termites
The first observation of a frontal gland in workers of several Neotropical and one African species of Apicotermitinae is reported, which is well-developed, functional and consists of class 1 secretory cells.
Niche differentiation among neotropical soldierless soil-feeding termites revealed by stable isotope ratios
Termites: The Neglected Soil Engineers of Tropical Soils
- P. Jouquet, N. Bottinelli, R. Shanbhag, T. Bourguignon, S. Traoré, S. A. Abbasi
- Environmental Science
- 1 March 2016
Abstract Termites are undoubtedly key soil organisms in tropical and subtropical soils. They are soil engineers in influencing the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils and,…
Mitochondrial Phylogenomics Resolves the Global Spread of Higher Termites, Ecosystem Engineers of the Tropics
The spread of higher termites across oceans was helped by the novel ecological opportunities brought about by environmental and ecosystem change, and led termites to become one of the few insect groups with specialized mammal predators, which has parallels with modern invasive species that have been able to thrive in human-impacted ecosystems.
Transoceanic Dispersal and Plate Tectonics Shaped Global Cockroach Distributions: Evidence from Mitochondrial Phylogenomics
A phylogenetic estimate of all extant cockroach families is presented, as well as a timescale for their evolution, based on the complete mitochondrial genomes of 119 cockroach species, and tentative support for vicariance through plate tectonics within and between several major lineages is found.