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Scaling Up What Works: Experimental Evidence on External Validity in Kenyan Education
The recent wave of randomized trials in development economics has provoked criticisms regarding external validity. We investigate two concerns – heterogeneity across beneficiaries and implementers –Expand
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Interventions and Institutions: Experimental Evidence on Scaling UP Education Reforms in Kenya
The recent wave of randomized trials in development economics has provoked criticisms regarding external validity and the neglect of political economy. We investigate these concerns in a randomizedExpand
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Lemon technologies and adoption: measurement, theory and evidence from agricultural markets in Uganda
To reduce poverty and food insecurity in Africa requires raising productivity in agriculture. Systematic use of fertilizer and hybrid seed is a pathway to increased productivity, but adoption ofExpand
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Group-Based Funeral Insurance in Ethiopia and Tanzania.
A funeral is a costly occasion. This paper studies indigenous insurance institutions developed to cope with the high costs of funerals, based on evidence from rural areas in Tanzania and Ethiopia.Expand
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Does Abolishing Fees Reduce School Quality?Evidence from Kenya.
In 2003 Kenya abolished user fees in all government primary schools. We find that this Free Primary Education (FPE) policy resulted in a decline in public school quality and increased demand forExpand
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What Do Teachers Know and Do? Does it Matter? Evidence from Primary Schools in Africa
School enrollment has universally increased over the past 25 years in low-income countries. However, enrolling in school does not guarantee that children learn. A large share of children inExpand
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Insurance for the Poor
Households in developing countries are exposed to high risks, with important consequences for their welfare. It has long been acknowledged that shocks, ranging from individual-specific (such asExpand
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Low Quality, Low Returns, Low Adoption: Evidence from the Market for Fertilizer and Hybrid Seed in Uganda
To reduce poverty and food insecurity in Africa requires raising productivity in agriculture. Systematic use of fertilizer and hybrid seed is a pathway to increased productivity, but adoption ofExpand
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Enrollment without Learning: Teacher Effort, Knowledge, and Skill in Primary Schools in Africa
School enrollment has universally increased over the last 25 years in low-income countries. Enrolling in school, however, does not assure that children learn. A large share of children in low-incomeExpand
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Public and Private Provision of Education in Kenya
Over the past decade, Kenya's traditional model of local, community finance and management of schools has been crowded out from two directions. First, the Kenyan government has expanded its role inExpand
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