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Measurements of wind-wave growth and swell decay during the Joint North Sea Wave Project (JONSWAP)
"Wave spectra were measured along a profile extending 160 kilometers into the North Sea westward from Sylt for a period often weeks in 1968 and 1969. During the main experiment in July 1969, thirteen…
Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions
In a warmer world, less winter precipitation falls as snow and the melting of winter snow occurs earlier in spring, which leads to a shift in peak river runoff to winter and early spring, away from summer and autumn when demand is highest.
Interdecadal modulation of ENSO teleconnections
Abstract Seasonal climate anomalies over North America exhibit rather large variability between years characterized by the same ENSO phase. This lack of consistency reduces potential statistically…
Causes of Decadal Climate Variability over the North Pacific and North America
The cause of decadal climate variability over the North Pacific Ocean and North America is investigated by the analysis of data from a multidecadal integration with a state-of-the-art coupled…
High-resolution palaeoclimatic records for the last millennium: interpretation, integration and comparison with General Circulation Model control-run temperatures
Palaeoclimatology provides our only means of assessing climatic variations before the beginning of instrumental records. The various proxy variables used, however, have a number of limitations which…
Sea Surface Temperature, Surface Wind Divergence, and Convection over Tropical Oceans
Analysis of regional associations between ocean temperature, surface wind divergence, and convection produced two important results: changes in atmospheric stability caused by remotely forced changes in subsidence aloft may play a major role in regulating convection over warm tropical oceans.
Human-Induced Changes in the Hydrology of the Western United States
A regional, multivariable climate change detection and attribution study, using a high-resolution hydrologic model forced by global climate models, focusing on the changes that have already affected this primarily arid region with a large and growing population.
Computations and Parameterizations of the Nonlinear Energy Transfer in a Gravity-Wave Specturm. Part II: Parameterizations of the Nonlinear Energy Transfer for Application in Wave Models
Abstract Four different parameterizations of the nonlinear energy transfer Snl in a surface wave spectrum are in investigated. Two parameterizations are based on a relatively small number of…
Origins and Levels of Monthly and Seasonal Forecast Skill for United States Surface Air Temperatures Determined by Canonical Correlation Analysis
Abstract Statistical techniques have been used to study the ability of SLP, SST and a form of persistence to forecast cold/warm season air temperatures over the United States and to determine the…
Selecting global climate models for regional climate change studies
- D. Pierce, T. Barnett, B. Santer, P. Gleckler
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 26 May 2009
Evidence is shown that the superiority of the multimodel ensemble average (MM) to any 1 individual model, already found in global studies examining the mean climate, is true in this regional study that includes measures of variability as well.