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Multiresidue method for determination of algal toxins in shellfish: single-laboratory validation and interlaboratory study.
A method that uses liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) has been developed for the highly sensitive and specific determination of amnesic shellfish poisoning toxins,Expand
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Yessotoxins in Norwegian blue mussels (Mytilus edulis): uptake from Protoceratium reticulatum, metabolism and depuration.
The Protoceratium reticulatum cell density at Flodevigen reached a maximum of 2200 cells/L on 16 May 2001. The levels of yessotoxins (YTXs) in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) at the same site increasedExpand
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Relative toxicity of dinophysistoxin-2 (DTX-2) compared with okadaic acid, based on acute intraperitoneal toxicity in mice.
When substituting the mouse bioassay for lipophilic marine algal toxins in shellfish with analytical methods, science based factors of relative toxicity for all analogues that contribute to healthExpand
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First evidence of an extensive northern European distribution of azaspiracid poisoning (AZP) toxins in shellfish.
Azaspiracids have recently been identified as the toxins responsible for a series of human intoxications in Europe since 1995, following the consumption of cultured mussels (Mytilus edulis) from theExpand
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Detection and identification of spirolides in norwegian shellfish and plankton.
Mussels sampled in the spring of 2002 and 2003 from Skjer, a location in Sognefjord, Norway, tested positive in the mouse bioassay for lipophilic toxins. The symptoms, which included cramps, jumping,Expand
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Monthly variations in diarrhetic toxins and yessotoxin in shellfish from coast to the inner part of the Sognefjord, Norway.
Monthly concentrations of diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) toxins and yessotoxin (YTX) in mussels from the coast to the inner part of the Sognefjord were determined. Mussels from nine locationsExpand
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Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning by okadaic acid esters from Brown crabs (Cancer pagurus) in Norway.
In 2002 several hundred people were taken ill after eating self-harvested brown crabs (Cancer pagurus) in the southern part of Norway. The symptoms were similar to diarrhetic shellfish poisoningExpand
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Technological, hygienic and toxicological aspects of carbon monoxide used in modified-atmosphere packaging of meat
Retail meat can be packaged in gas mixtures containing 60–70% carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), 30–40% nitrogen (N 2 ) and 2 ), that is, approximately 70% O 2 and 30% CO 2 . The consumption of meat that hasExpand
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Determination of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins in Norwegian shellfish by liquid chromatography with fluorescence and tandem mass spectrometry detection.
A novel extraction and clean-up method has been developed for the determination of paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins in shellfish samples. Raw shellfish material was extracted with an acidicExpand
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Comparison of oral and intraperitoneal toxicity of yessotoxin towards mice.
Currently, yessotoxin is regulated among the toxins in the diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) complex. Yessotoxin is equally acutely toxic towards mice upon intraperitoneal injections as thoseExpand
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