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An Update on the Potential of North American Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) to Transmit West Nile Virus
In determining the potential for a mosquito species to become involved in transmitting WNV, it is necessary to consider not only its laboratory vector competence but also its abundance, host-feeding preference, involvement with other viruses with similar transmission cycles, and whether WNV has been isolated from this species under natural conditions. Expand
Host Feeding Patterns of Culex Mosquitoes and West Nile Virus Transmission, Northeastern United States
Culex salinarius is a bridge vector to humans, while Cx. pipiens and Cx. restuans are more efficient enzootic vectors.
Discovery, Distribution, and Abundance of the Newly Introduced Mosquito Ochlerotatus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Connecticut, USA
The results suggest that O. japonicus was introduced into Connecticut between 1992 and 1998, and because of the recent detection of this virus in field-collected specimens, the introduction is considered a significant public health development. Expand
Epidemiology of West Nile virus in Connecticut: a five-year analysis of mosquito data 1999-2003.
The isolation of WNV from field-collected mosquitoes is a sensitive indicator of virus activity that is associated with the risk of human infection that habitually extends from early August through the end of October in Connecticut. Expand
Host feeding pattern of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and its role in transmission of West Nile virus in Harris County, Texas.
The vertebrate hosts of 672 blood-engorged Culex quinquefasciatus Say, collected in Harris County, Texas, during 2005, were identified by nucleotide sequencing PCR products of the cytochrome b gene.Expand
Isolation of West Nile virus from mosquitoes, crows, and a Cooper's hawk in Connecticut.
West Nile virus, a mosquito-transmitted virus native to Africa, Asia, and Europe, was isolated from two species of mosquitoes and brain tissues of 28 American crows and one Cooper's hawk in Connecticut. Expand
Mosquito surveillance for West Nile virus in Connecticut, 2000: isolation from Culex pipiens, Cx. restuans, Cx. salinarius, and Culiseta melanura.
Fourteen isolations of West Nile virus were obtained from four mosquito species in statewide surveillance conducted from June through October 2000 in Connecticut, where the highest rates of dead crow sightings were reported and where WN virus was detected in 1999. Expand
Aedes (Finlaya) japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae), a Newly Recognized Mosquito in the United States: Analyses of Genetic Variation in the United States and Putative Source Populations
The population genetics of Aedes (Finlaya)Japonicus japonicus (Theobald), an Asian mosquito that was recognized for the first time in the United States in 1998, are studied. Expand
Host-Feeding Patterns of Potential Mosquito Vectors in Connecticut, USA: Molecular Analysis of Bloodmeals from 23 Species of Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, Coquillettidia, Psorophora, and Uranotaenia
The white-tailed deer serves as the main vertebrate host for these mammalophilic mosquitoes in this region of the United States, and this feeding pattern supports enzootic amplification of arboviruses, including Jamestown Canyon, Cache Valley, and Potosi viruses that perpetuate in cervid hosts. Expand
Vector host-feeding preferences drive transmission of multi-host pathogens: West Nile virus as a model system
Host preference-induced contact heterogeneity is a key mediator of vector-borne pathogen epizootics in multi-species host communities, and should be incorporated into multi-host transmission models. Expand