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What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survival
To eliminate stunting in the longer term, existing interventions that were designed to improve nutrition and prevent related disease could reduce stunting at 36 months by 36%; mortality between birth and 36 monthsBy about 25%; and disability-adjusted life-years associated with stunting, severe wasting, intrauterine growth restriction, and micronutrient deficiencies by about 25%. Expand
Persistent Gut Microbiota Immaturity in Malnourished Bangladeshi Children
The results indicate that SAM is associated with significant relative microbiota immaturity that is only partially ameliorated following two widely used nutritional interventions. Expand
Nutrition agenda setting, policy formulation and implementation: lessons from the Mainstreaming Nutrition Initiative.
It is confirmed and extended upon the growing recognition that the heavy investment to identify efficacious nutrition interventions is unlikely to reduce the burden of undernutrition unless or until these systemic capacity constraints are addressed, with an emphasis initially on strategic and management capacities. Expand
Pathogen-specific burdens of community diarrhoea in developing countries: a multisite birth cohort study (MAL-ED).
The findings suggest that although single-pathogen strategies have an important role in the reduction of the burden of severe diarrhoea disease, the effect of such interventions on total diarrhoeal incidence at the community level might be limited. Expand
Nutrition of Children and Women in Bangladesh: Trends and Directions for the Future
The Government, development partners, non-government organizations, and the academia have to work in concert to improve the coverage of basic and effective nutrition interventions, including exclusive breastfeeding, appropriate complementary feeding, supplementation of micronutrients and hygiene interventions, coupled with those that address more structural causes and indirectly improve nutrition. Expand
Household Environmental Conditions Are Associated with Enteropathy and Impaired Growth in Rural Bangladesh
Children from clean households had higher height-for-age z scores, lower lactulose:mannitol ratios in urine, and lower immunoglobulin G endotoxin core antibody (IgG EndoCAb) titers than children from contaminated households, consistent with the hypothesis that environmental contamination causes growth faltering mediated through environmental enteropathy. Expand
Evaluation of tuberculosis diagnostics in children: 1. Proposed clinical case definitions for classification of intrathoracic tuberculosis disease. Consensus from an expert panel.
The definitions presented in this article are intended for use in clinical research to evaluate diagnostic assays and not for individual patient diagnosis or treatment decisions. Expand
Global Burden of Maternal and Child Undernutrition and Micronutrient Deficiencies
Poverty, food insecurity, ignorance, lack of appropriate infant and young child feeding practices, heavy burden of infectious illnesses, and poor hygiene and sanitation are factors responsible for the high levels of maternal and child undernutrition in developing countries and can be controlled or removed by scaling up direct nutrition interventions and eliminating the root conditions. Expand
Nutrition: Basis for Healthy Children and Mothers in Bangladesh
Results of a few studies done at the ICDDR, B and elsewhere in developing countries showed that the breastfeeding peer-counselling method could substantially increase the rates of exclusive breastfeeding. Expand
Effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on diarrhoea and child growth in rural Bangladesh: a cluster randomised controlled trial
Summary Background Diarrhoea and growth faltering in early childhood are associated with subsequent adverse outcomes. We aimed to assess whether water quality, sanitation, and handwashingExpand