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Extrapyramidal symptoms cause much misery, often go undiagnosed, and can interfere with treatment and rehabilitation. Akinesia is a behavioral state of diminished motoric and psychic spontaneity that is difficult to distinguish from the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. The most useful clinical correlates of akinesia are a subjective sense of sedation and(More)
Thirteen treatment-refractory schizophrenic patients (10 men and three women) who were receiving more than 50 mg/day of haloperidol and who had been hospitalized for more than 1 year successfully tolerated a mean dose reduction of 63% with consequent improvement in psychopathology and side effects. The addition of intensive behavior therapy to the optimal(More)
The extremes of drug compliance were studied in two groups of schizophrenics: 29 habitual drug-refusers who invariably discontinued medication only to be readmitted several months later, and 30 drug-complier patients who habitually came in for their refills or injections of antipsychotic medication. The drug-refusers experienced the resurgence of an(More)
Information processing was measured in 13 acute and 18 stabilized schizophrenic patients using the span of apprehension task. Acutely disturbed patients demonstrated improved performance on this task after 14 days of treatment with haloperidol. Stabilized patients maintained on fluphenazine decanoate did not show a significant change in performance during 3(More)
Eighty newly admitted or readmitted men with DSM-III schizophrenia were assigned to receive 5, 10, or 20 mg/d of haloperidol for 4 weeks. Staff were not "blind" to dose. By Clinical Global Impression Scale ratings, the 20-mg dose appeared to be superior to both the 5- and 10-mg doses for the first 2 weeks of treatment but not thereafter. On the Brief(More)
We studied the incidence of akathisia in two populations of newly admitted schizophrenic patients: one group was treated with haloperidol and the other group was treated with thiothixene hydrochloride. Within six hours after taking a 5-mg test dose of haloperidol, 40% of the patients experienced akathisia; during maintenance treatment with 10 mg of(More)
Forty-two newly admitted patients with a schizophrenic illness were given a test dose of chlorpromazine, and their subjective response was graded on a euphoric-dysphoric continuum. Subjective response at 4, 24, and 48 hours after the test dose was significantly correlated with the subsequent outcome of a therapeutic course of treatment with chlorpromazine,(More)
We evaluated the effectiveness and the side effects of what we defined as low (5-mg) and conventional (25-mg) doses of fluphenazine decanoate administered every two weeks in a double-blind comparison. Subjects were 66 patients who fulfilled DSM-III criteria for schizophrenic disorder. Evaluation of the survival with each dose revealed no significant(More)
The relative costs and benefits of low- and conventional-dose neuroleptic maintenance therapy were evaluated in a double-blind comparison of 5 and 25 mg of fluphenazine decanoate administered every two weeks. Subjects were 50 patients fulfilling DSM-III criteria for schizophrenic disorder who had been successfully maintained with 25 mg or less of(More)