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The Bloom's syndrome (BS) gene, BLM, plays an important role in the maintenance of genomic stability in somatic cells. A candidate for BLM was identified by direct selection of a cDNA derived from a 250 kb segment of the genome to which BLM had been assigned by somatic crossover point mapping. In this novel mapping method, cells were used from persons with(More)
Malignant melanoma is an aggressive cancer known for its notorious resistance to most current therapies. The basic helix-loop-helix microphthalmia transcription factor (MITF) is the master regulator determining the identity and properties of the melanocyte lineage, and is regarded as a lineage-specific ‘oncogene’ that has a critical role in the pathogenesis(More)
The PML gene of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) encodes a cell-growth and tumor suppressor. PML localizes to discrete nuclear bodies (NBs) that are disrupted in APL cells. The Bloom syndrome gene BLM encodes a RecQ DNA helicase, whose absence from the cell results in genomic instability epitomized by high levels of sister-chromatid exchange (SCE) and(More)
The Bloom syndrome gene, BLM, encodes a RecQ DNA helicase that when absent from the cell results in genomic instability and cancer predisposition. We show here that BLM is a substrate for small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) modification, with lysines at K317, K331, K334 and K347 being preferred sites of modification. Unlike normal BLM, a double mutant BLM(More)
The TEAD (1–4) transcription factors comprise the conserved TEA/ATTS DNA-binding domain recognising the MCAT element in the promoters of muscle-specific genes. Despite extensive genetic analysis, the function of TEAD factors in muscle differentiation has proved elusive due to redundancy among the family members. Expression of the TEA/ATTS DNA-binding domain(More)
The pseudoautosomal boundaries are the interface between pseudoautosomal and sex chromosome–specific DNA sequences. We have isolated a gene, PBDX, from the human pseudoautosomal boundary region of Xp. The three exons at the 5′ end of PBDX are situated in the pseudoautosomal region immediately downstream of MIC2, whereas the other seven exons are in the(More)
We studied the feasibility of a novel approach to localize breast cancer susceptibility genes, using a low-density genome-wide panel of single-nucleotide polymorphisms and taking advantage of large regions of linkage disequilibrium (LD) flanking Jewish disease genes in high-risk cases. With Affymetrix GeneChip arrays, we genotyped 8,576 polymorphisms in(More)
With the large numbers of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) available and new technologies that permit high throughput genotyping, we have investigated the possibility of the localization of disease genes with genome-wide panels of SNP markers and taking advantage of the linkage-disequilibrium (LD) between the disease gene and closely linked markers.(More)
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