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Geant4 is a toolkit for simulating the passage of particles through matter. It includes a complete range of functionality including tracking, geometry, physics models and hits. The physics processes offered cover a comprehensive range, including electromagnetic, hadronic and optical processes, a large set of long-lived particles, materials and elements,(More)
The substantia nigra (SN) in 11 Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and 5 neurologically normal controls was examined immunohistochemically using antibodies to various proteins of the complement system. In PD, but not in control SN, intra-and extraneuronal Lewy bodies and dendritic spheroid bodies were stained with anti-human C3d, C4d, C7 and C9 antibodies,(More)
We have isolated seven genomic chalcone synthase (CHS) genes and six classes of CHS cDNA from elicitor-treated pea tissues. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences of the coding regions revealed the existence of eight members of the CHS gene family in pea. These can essentially be divided into three groups (PSCHS1, 2 and 8; PSCHS3, 4 and 5; and PSCHS6 and 7)(More)
Hierarchical power distribution with a power tree has been developed. The key features are power tree management rules and a distributed common power-domain implementation. The hierarchical power distribution supports a fine-grained power gating with dozens of power domains, which is analogous to a fine-grained clock gating. Leakage currents of a(More)
Advanced abdominal malignancies are occasionally invasive for the major blood vessels, such as the portal vein (PV), inferior vena cava (IVC), and major hepatic veins (HVs), and complete removal of the tumors is required for patients undergoing vascular resection and reconstruction. We used left renal vein (LRV) grafts for vascular reconstruction in(More)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a fatal demyelinating disease in the central nervous system caused by a ubiquitous human polyomavirus designated as JC virus (JCV). PML affects individuals with decreased immune competence and is now one of the common opportunistic infections in patients with AIDS. JCV DNAs in the brain of PML patients(More)
Persistently infected cell lines of BHK21/WI-2 cells have been established by infection with the wild type rubella virus strain M-33. These cell lines, BHK-MP1 and BHK-MP2, showed immunity-like resistance to superinfection with M-33 virus at both 34° and 39.5° C. They also showed intrinsic interference with the replication of Newcastle Disease Virus at 34°(More)
Mitochondria divide to control their size, distribution, turnover, and function. Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) is a critical mechanochemical GTPase that drives constriction during mitochondrial division. It is generally believed that mitochondrial division is regulated during recruitment of Drp1 to mitochondria and its oligomerization into a division(More)
Immunohistochemistry using both a newly developed polyclonal, and a commercially available monoclonal, anti-insulin receptor antibody was done on the midbrain from cases of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, vascular parkinsonism and non-neurological controls. Both antibodies gave indentical patterns of(More)
Membrane-type matrix metalloprotease (MT-MMP) is an activator of gelatinase A (MMP-2), which has previously been found in carcinoma cells. We examined non-neurological and Alzheimer's disease brain tissues for MT-MMP by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The anti-MT-MMP antibodies gave positive staining of brain microglial cells in all the(More)