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Psychologists have worried about the distortions introduced into standardized personality measures by social desirability bias. Survey researchers have had similar concerns about the accuracy of survey reports about such topics as illicit drug use, abortion, and sexual behavior. The article reviews the research done by survey methodologists on reporting(More)
Several recently identified intracellular proteins associate with the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor and activate nuclear transcription factor (NF)-kappaB, c-Jun kinase, and apoptosis. However, the mechanism is not understood. In the present report, we investigated the role of reactive oxygen intermediates in TNF-induced signaling. Overexpression of(More)
Manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is an essential primary antioxidant enzyme that converts superoxide radical to hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen within the mitochondrial matrix. Cytosolic glutathione peroxidase (GPX) converts hydrogen peroxide into water. MnSOD is reduced in a variety of tumor types and has been proposed to be a new(More)
Oxidation of LDL in the subendothelial space has been proposed to play a key role in atherosclerosis. Endothelial cells produce superoxide anions (O2.-) and oxidize LDL in vitro; however, the role of O2.- in endothelial cell-induced LDL oxidation is unclear. Incubation of human LDL (200 microg/mL) with bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) for 18 hours(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major stroke risk factor and is associated with poor recovery compared with nondiabetic stroke patients. In the present study, we investigated the effects of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment of stroke in diabetic and non-diabetic rats. METHODS Type-1 diabetes (T1DM) was induced by injection of(More)
The data used in the present study were derived from a 2 (genotype) x 2 (plane of nutrition) factorial design production study using Holstein-Friesian (n = 32) and Norwegian (n = 32) first-lactation dairy cattle offered grass silage-based diets from 1 to 44 wk of lactation. The high nutrition diet had concentrate inclusions (g/kg of dry matter) of 600, 500,(More)
Aedes aegypti is an important vector for dengue virus and thus has been targeted with pyrethroid insecticides in many areas of the world. As such, resistance has been detected to several of these insecticides, including in China, but the mechanisms of the resistance are not well understood in this country. Using the World Health Organization larval mosquito(More)
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) has been found to be low in a wide range of tumor cells as well as in vitro-transformed cell lines and has been implicated as a new type of tumor suppressor gene. The relationship between MnSOD activity and the malignant phenotype was studied by transfection of MnSOD cDNA into the SV40-transformed human fibroblast cell(More)
Data from 286 beef cattle, obtained in total diet digestibility assessments, were used to examine effects of dietary and animal factors on N excretion in feces and urine and to develop prediction equations for N excretion in beef cattle. The animals used were mainly from beef breeds, at various ages (from growth to finishing) and live BW (153 to 580 kg),(More)
BACKGROUND Invasion and metastasis are the distinct biologic characteristics of cancer, resulting in an exceptionally low 5-year survival rate in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Understanding in detail the mechanisms underlying PDAC metastasis is critical for prevention and effective interventions. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been(More)