T-Y Liu

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Recent studies have implicated N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor dysfunction in the pathogenesis and treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). The NMDA receptor is composed of several subunits, of which, the receptor 2b subunit (GRIN2B) is of particular significance for PD. This subunit is found enriched in the basal ganglia, and PD-monotherapy potential(More)
Berberine is the major constituent of Coptis chinese and is commonly used in Chinese herbal medicine to treat patients with gastrointestinal disorders. In this study, using flow cytometry, we have found that a 24-h berberine treatment up-regulated the multidrug-resistant transporter (pgp-170) expression in two oral (KB, OC2), two gastric (SC-M1, NUGC-3) and(More)
Hepatoma cells are known to be highly resistant to chemotherapy. Previously, we have found differential Taxol resistance in human and murine hepatoma cells. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a multidrug resistance inhibitor, cyclosporin A in combination with Taxol on hepatoma in vitro and in vivo, and to identify the possible mechanism(More)
Given the implications with respect to the pathogenesis of dopaminergic dysfunction in schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease (PD), as well as the reciprocal antagonistic interactions between adenosine A2a receptor (A2aAR) and the dopamine D2 receptors, A2aAR may be a candidate gene conferring susceptibility to PD or schizophrenia. In this study, we tested(More)
Leucine-enkephalin (Leu-EK) dose-dependently elicited an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) with an EC50 of 1.2 microM via the phosphoinositide cascade in NG108-15 cells. Chronic treatment of cells with [D-Ala2,D-Leu5]enkephalin caused time-dependent homologous desensitization. In the presence of extracellular Ca2+, ATP as well as bradykinin(More)
The effects of carboxyfullerene on a well-known neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and its active metabolite 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium (MPP+) were investigated. In chloral hydrate-anesthetized rats, cytosolic cytochrome c was elevated in the infused substantia nigra 4 h after an intranigral infusion of MPP+. Five days after(More)
Carbachol stimulated significantly higher increase in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) generation than did leucine-enkephalin (leu-EK) and bradykinin in SK-N-SH cells. When leu-EK was concomitantly added with carbachol, an additive effect was observed in IP3 generation. However, the rise in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) reached the same level as(More)
AIMS Fasciculation and elongation protein zeta-1 (FEZ1) is a critical regulator of dopaminergic neurone differentiation and dopamine release. However, to date, few studies evaluating the expression patterns of FEZ1 in Parkinson's disease (PD) have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and cellular localization of FEZ1 in a(More)
A plasmid pTLC23 harbouring entire cDNA sequence coding for prochymosin was constructed from clones pCT5 and pCT15. The nucleotide sequence of the complete cDNA insert, determined by using dideoxy sequencing method, indicates that the cloned DNA apparently represents the coding sequence for prochymosin B. Based on the data presented here, the differences(More)
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