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The theory of rough sets is an extension of set theory with two additional unary set-theoretic operators deened based on a binary relation on the universe. These two operators are related to the modal operators in modal logics. By exploring the relationship between rough sets and modal logics, this paper proposes and examines a number of extended rough set(More)
The glutamatergic system may be involved in the effects of neuroprotectant therapies. Echinacoside, a phenylethanoid glycoside extracted from the medicinal Chinese herb Herba Cistanche, has neuroprotective effects. This study investigated the effects of echinacoside on 4-aminopyridine-evoked glutamate release in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect and mechanism of astaxanthin, a natural carotenoid, on endogenous glutamate release in nerve terminals of rat cerebral cortex (synaptosomes). Results showed that astaxanthin exhibited a dose-dependent inhibition of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-evoked release of glutamate. The effect of astaxanthin on the evoked(More)
Central glutamate neurotransmission has been postulated to play a role in pathophysiology of depression and in the mechanism of antidepressants. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the effect and the possible mechanism of bupropion, an atypical antidepressant, on endogenous glutamate release in nerve terminals of rat cerebral cortex(More)
Curcumin, one of the major constituents of Curcuma longa, has been shown to inhibit depolarization-evoked glutamate release from rat prefrontocortical nerve terminals by reducing voltage-dependent Ca(2+) entry. This study showed that curcumin inhibited ionomycin-induced glutamate release and KCl-evoked FM1-43 release, suggesting that some steps after Ca(2+)(More)
Mechanisms underlying the short-term effects of amphetamine (AMPH) were examined by monitoring the expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) in cultured rat neurons. The cortical and hippocampal neurons were incubated with 0.1-100 microM of AMPH for 1 h or 1 microM of AMPH for 10 min to 3 h. Immunocytochemical and in situ hybridization (ISH)(More)
  • Robert V Moody, Chuang, Tzu Lin, Yutang
  • 1999
This article surveys the mathematics of the cut and project method as applied to point sets, called here model sets. It covers the geometric, arithmetic, and analytical sides of this theory as well as diffraction and the connection with dynamical systems. Dedicated to the memory of Richard (Dick) Slansky The spirit of the universe is subtle and informs all(More)