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We have constructed a series of strains to facilitate the generation and analysis of clones of genetically distinct cells in developing and adult tissues of Drosophila. Each of these strains carries an FRT element, the target for the yeast FLP recombinase, near the base of a major chromosome arm, as well as a gratuitous cell-autonomous marker. Novel markers(More)
The resilience and strength of bone is due to the orderly mineralization of a specialized extracellular matrix (ECM) composed of type I collagen (90%) and a host of non-collagenous proteins that are, in general, also found in other tissues. Biglycan (encoded by the gene Bgn) is an ECM proteoglycan that is enriched in bone and other non-skeletal connective(More)
BACKGROUND Neurological soft signs (NSS) have long been considered potential endophenotypes for schizophrenia. However, few studies have investigated the heritability and familiality of NSS. The present study examined the heritability and familiality of NSS in healthy twins and patient-relative pairs. METHOD The abridged version of the Cambridge(More)
Decorin (dcn) and biglycan (bgn), two members of the family of small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs), are the predominant proteoglycans expressed in skin and bone, respectively. Targeted disruption of the dcn gene results in skin laxity and fragility, whereas disruption of the bgn gene results in reduced skeletal growth and bone mass leading to(More)
The primary structure of the major embryonic Notch transcript is presented, as determined by sequence analysis of overlapping cDNA clones. The 10,148 bp sequence corresponding to this transcript possesses an 8109 bp open reading frame that potentially codes for a 2703 amino acid protein. We show that this polypeptide contains a repeated structure composed(More)
Genetic analyses have raised the possibility of interactions between the gene products of the neurogenic loci Notch and Delta, each of which encodes a transmembrane protein with EGF homology. To examine the possibility of intermolecular association between the products of these two genes, we studied the effects of their expression on aggregation in(More)
We have identified recessive overproliferation mutations by screening and examining clones of mutant cells in genetic mosaics of the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster. This type of screen provides a powerful approach for identifying and studying potential tumor suppressors. One of the identified genes, lats, has been cloned and encodes a putative protein(More)
Addiction to nicotine may result in molecular adaptations in the neurocircuitry of specific brain structures via changes in the cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB)-dependent gene transcription program. We therefore investigated the effects of chronic nicotine exposure and its withdrawal on CREB and phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB) protein(More)
The serotonin(2A) (5HT(2A)) receptors have been shown to play an important role in several psychiatric disorders, including depression, schizophrenia, and alcoholism. This immunohistochemical study examined the cellular localization of 5HT(2A) receptors in various rat brain structures (olfactory, striatum, cortex, hippocampus, and amygdala). The(More)
We have previously used mosaic flies to screen for tumour suppressors or negative regulators of cell proliferation. The cellular composition of these flies resembles that of cancer patients who are chimaeric individuals carrying a small number of mutated somatic cells. One of the genes we identified is the large tumour suppressor gene, lats (also known as(More)