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This study investigated the effect of hamstring co-contraction with quadriceps on the kinematics of the human knee joint and the in-situ forces in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) during a simulated isometric extension motion of the knee. Cadaveric human knee specimens (n = 10) were tested using the robotic universal force moment sensor (UFS) system and(More)
PURPOSE Although it is well known that the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a primary restraint of the knee under anterior tibial load, the role of the ACL in resisting internal tibial torque and the pivot shift test is controversial. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of these 2 external loading conditions on the kinematics of the(More)
We developed a system that uses a 6-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) robotic manipulator combined with a 6-DOF force-moment sensor and a control system. The system is used to find and record the passive knee flexion path for controlling the knee flexion positions. It is also used to strain a knee structure by finding a multiple-DOF path in response to specific(More)
The function of the anterior cruciate ligament was investigated for different conditions of kinematic constraint placed on the intact knee using a six-degree-of-freedom robotic manipulator combined with a universal force-moment sensor. To do this, the in situ forces and force distribution within the porcine anterior cruciate ligament during anterior tibial(More)
This study investigated a previously unaccounted for source of error in a high-capacity, six degree-of-freedom load cell used in multi-degree-of-freedom robotic testing of musculoskeletal joints, an application requiring a load cell with high accuracy in addition to high load capacity. A method of calibration is presented for reducing the error caused by(More)
Measurements of tibial translation in response to an external load are used in clinical and laboratory settings to diagnose and characterize knee-ligament injuries. Before these measurements can be quantified, a reference position of the knee must be established (defined as the position of the knee with no external forces or moments applied). The objective(More)
Coupled axial tibial rotation in response to an anterior tibial load has been used as a common diagnostic measurement and as a means to load the ligamentous structures during laboratory tests. However, the exact location of the point of application of these loads as well as the corresponding sensitivity of the coupled tibial rotation to this point can have(More)
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